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U+AF43, 꽃
HANGUL SYLLABLE GGOC
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:R-h-c

[U+AF42]
Hangul Syllables
[U+AF44]

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean  (Yale: kwòc), from perhaps Proto-Korean *kwoco to explain the unusual low pitch on a monosyllabic noun; see Appendix:Koreanic reconstructions for more.

The change to a tense consonant initial occurred as this word ("flower") was frequently used as the second part of a compound noun denoting a specific flower (e.g. 연꽃 (yeonkkot)), in which the connecting genitive -ㅅ- (-s-) formed a "-sk-" medial cluster with koc, which developed into "-kk-" in Modern Korean. This development in compound nouns was generalised to koc as well.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?kkot
Revised Romanization (translit.)?kkoch
McCune–Reischauer?kkot
Yale Romanization?kkoch
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: 의 / 에 / 꽃

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word takes low pitch only before consonant-initial multisyllabic suffixes.

Noun[edit]

(kkot)

  1. (botany) flower; flowering plant
    핀다.
    Kkochi pinda.
    Flowers bloom.
    송이
    kkot han song-i
    a flower / one flower
    다발
    kkot han dabal
    a bunch of flowers
  2. (figuratively) prime; central part; essence

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ki-mun Yi, Ki-Moon Lee, S. Robert Ramsey. A History of the Korean Language. Cambridge University Press, 2011. →ISBN.