돼지

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Early Modern Korean 되야지 (doeyaji), 도야지 (doyaji).

The suffix is 아지 (-aji, suffix for young of animals). The first element appears to be from Middle Korean (Yale: twòth, “pig, swine”), now preserved dialectally in Jeju, Yukjin Korean, and in some varieties of Southeastern Korean, but the loss of final /-tʰ/ is difficult to explain.

Alexander Vovin speculates that this is a wanderwort, related to Middle Chinese (MC duən, “pig”) and Common Turkic *toŋuz and perhaps from a Turkic source antecedent to Common Turkic.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈtwɛ(ː)d͡ʑi] ~ [ˈtwe̞(ː)d͡ʑi]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)/(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?dwaeji
Revised Romanization (translit.)?dwaeji
McCune–Reischauer?twaeji
Yale Romanization?twāyci
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: 지의 / 지에 / 지까지

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch only on the first syllable, and lowers the pitch of subsequent suffixes.

Noun[edit]

돼지 (dwaeji) (counter 마리)

  1. pig, swine
  2. (derogatory) fatty, pig
    Antonym: 멸치 (myeolchi)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Foods

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vovin, Alexander (2011), “First and second person singular pronouns: a pillar or a pillory of the ‘Altaic’ hypothesis?”, in Türk Dilleri Araştırmaları[1], volume 21, issue 2, pages 260—262