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U+B450, 두
HANGUL SYLLABLE DU
Composition: +

[U+B44F]
Hangul Syllables
[U+B451]




됴 ←→ 둬

Jeju[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

(du)

  1. two

References[edit]

  • ” in Jeju's culture and language, Digital museum.

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 두〯 (Yale: twǔ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [tu(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?du
Revised Romanization (translit.)?du
McCune–Reischauer?tu
Yale Romanization?twū

Numeral[edit]

Korean numbers (edit)
20
 ←  1 2 3  → [a], [b], [c]
    Native isol.: (dul)
    Native attr.: (du)
    Sino-Korean: (i)
    Hanja:
    Ordinal: 둘째 (duljjae)

(du)

  1. two (as a determiner before a noun or classifier)
    여자 상자 나르고 있다.
    Du yeoja-ga sangja-deur-eul nareugo itda.
    Two women are carrying boxes.
    오늘, 가게 다녀왔어.
    Oneul, nan geu gage-e du beon danyeowasseo.
    I have been to the shop twice today.

Usage notes[edit]

In modern Korean, numbers are usually written in Arabic numerals.

The Korean language has two sets of numerals: a native set of numerals inherited from Old Korean, and a Sino-Korean set which was borrowed from Middle Chinese in the first millennium C.E.

Native classifiers take native numerals.

Some Sino-Korean classifiers take native numerals, others take Sino-Korean numerals, while yet others take both.

Recently loaned classifiers generally take Sino-Korean numerals.

For many terms, a native numeral has a quantifying sense, whereas a Sino-Korean numeral has a sense of labeling.

  • 반(班) (se ban, three school classes, native numeral)
  • 반(班) (sam ban, Class Number Three, Sino-Korean numeral)

When used in isolation, native numerals refer to objects of that number and are used in counting and quantifying, whereas Sino-Korean numerals refer to the numbers in a more mathematical sense.

  • 하나 주세 (hana-man deo juse-yo, Could you give me just one more, please, native numeral)
  • 더하기 ? (Il deohagi ir-eun?, What's one plus one?, Sino-Korean numeral)

While older stages of Korean had native numerals up to the thousands, native numerals currently exist only up to ninety-nine, and Sino-Korean is used for all higher numbers. There is also a tendency—particularly among younger speakers—to uniformly use Sino-Korean numerals for the higher tens as well, so that native numerals such as 일흔 (ilheun, “seventy”) or 아흔 (aheun, “ninety”) are becoming less common.