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U+B450, 두
HANGUL SYLLABLE DU
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input:e-n

[U+B44F]
Hangul Syllables
[U+B451]




됴 ←→ 둬

Jeju[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

(du)

  1. two

References[edit]

  • ” in Jeju's culture and language, Digital museum.

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 두〯 (Yale: twǔ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [tu(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?du
Revised Romanization (translit.)?du
McCune–Reischauer?tu
Yale Romanization?twū

Numeral[edit]

Korean numbers (edit)
20[a], [b]
[a], [b] ←  1 2 3  → [a], [b], [c], [d]
    Native: (dul), (du)
    Sino-Korean: (i)
    Hanja:
    Ordinal: 둘째 (duljjae)
    Number of days: 이틀 (iteul)

(du)

  1. (native numeral) two (as a determiner before a noun or classifier)
    여자 상자 나르고 있다.
    Du yeojaga sangjadeureul nareugo itda.
    Two women are carrying boxes.
    오늘, 가게 다녀왔어.
    Oneul, nan geu gagee du beon danyeowasseo.
    I have been to the shop twice today.
    Synonyms: (dul, two, nominal numeral without a classifier), 이(二) (i, two, Sino-Korean numeral)

Usage notes[edit]

In modern Korean, numbers are usually written in Arabic numerals.

The Korean language has two sets of numerals: a native set of numerals inherited from Old Korean, and a Sino-Korean set which was borrowed from Middle Chinese in the first millennium C.E.

Native classifiers take native numerals.

Some Sino-Korean classifiers take native numerals, others take Sino-Korean numerals, while yet others take both.

Recently loaned classifiers generally take Sino-Korean numerals.

For many terms, a native numeral has a quantifying sense, whereas a Sino-Korean numeral has a sense of labeling.

  • 반(班) (se ban, three school classes, native numeral)
  • 반(班) (sam ban, Class Number Three, Sino-Korean numeral)

When used in isolation, native numerals refer to objects of that number and are used in counting and quantifying, whereas Sino-Korean numerals refer to the numbers in a more mathematical sense.

  • 하나 주세요 (hanaman deo juseyo, Could you give me just one more, please, native numeral)
  • 더하기 ? (Il deohagi ireun?, What's one plus one?, Sino-Korean numeral)

While older stages of Korean had native numerals up to the thousands, native numerals currently exist only up to ninety-nine, and Sino-Korean is used for all higher numbers. There is also a tendency—particularly among younger speakers—to uniformly use Sino-Korean numerals for the higher tens as well, so that native numerals such as 일흔 (ilheun, “seventy”) or 아흔 (aheun, “ninety”) are becoming less common.