바둑

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Bullyu dugongbu si eonhae (分類杜工部詩諺解 / 분류두공부시언해), 1481, as Middle Korean 바독〮 (Yale: pàtwók).

While not perceived as a compound by any modern speakers, most likely originally (Yale: pàth, “cultivated field”) + *돍〯 (Yale: twǒlk, “stone”, presumed dialectal variant of Seoul 돓〯 (twǒlh, stone) whence modern dialectal (dok, stone)), in reference to the checkerboard lines resembling a plowed field and the stones used to play the game (Martin 1996, p. 36). Other etymologies for the first element have been speculatively offered but are not plausible.

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?baduk
Revised Romanization (translit.)?badug
McCune–Reischauer?paduk
Yale Romanization?patwuk

Noun[edit]

바둑 (baduk)

  1. (board games) the game of Go, an ancient East Asian board game based on surrounding the opponent's territory
  2. go stone; the black and white stones used in the game of Go

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]