보다

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Pronunciation[edit]


IPA(key) [po̞da̠]
Phonetic Hangul
Romanizations
RR boda
RR (translit.) boda
MC poda
Yale pota

Verb[edit]

보다 (boda) (infinitive or 보아, sequential 보니)

  1. to see, look at
    그들은 여러가지 화초를 보고 있다.
    그들은 여러가지 화초를 보고 있다.
    Geudeureun yeoreogaji hwachoreul bogo itda.
    They are looking at various plants.
  2. to look after (a baby, child, house, etc.)
    아이를 보다
    ai-reul boda
    to look after a child
  3. to watch (a film, TV, etc.)
    영화를 보다
    yeonghwa-reul boda
    to watch a film
  4. to read (a book, newspaper, etc.)
  5. to examine (a document, patient, disorder, etc.)
  6. to take (an examination)
    시험을 잘 보면 좋겠습니다.
    Siheom-eul jal bomyeon joketseumnida.
    I hope to do well on the test. (literally: It will be good if I take the test well.)
  7. to experience (a profit, loss, etc.)
  8. to relieve oneself
  9. to try something; requires a main verb with "-아/어" suffix or use attributively with "적".
    한번 생각해 볼게요.
    Hanbeon saenggakhae bolgeyo.
    I will consider it. (Literally, "I will try thinking about it.")
    한국에 가 적이 있어요?
    Han-guk-e ga bon jeok-i isseoyo?
    Have you ever been to (South) Korea?

Usage notes[edit]

Note: it doesn't mean "to try hard" (e.g., "I tried to pass the exam."). For that, you can use "-려(고) 하다" or "-려고 노력하다". Compare Japanese 見る.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

보다 (boda)

  1. more
    • 보다 열심히
      boda yeolsimhi
      more enthusiatically
  2. rather

Particle[edit]

보다 (boda)

  1. than, rather than
    • 지리산보다 한라산이 더 높다.
      Jirisanboda hallasani deo nopda.
      Mount Halla is taller than Mount Jiri.
    • 어제보다 오늘이 손님이 더 많다.
      Eojeboda oneuri sonnimi deo manta.
      There are more customers today than yesterday.