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U+BD04, 봄
HANGUL SYLLABLE BOM
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:q-h-a

[U+BD03]
Hangul Syllables
[U+BD05]

볿


볘 ←→ 봐

Jeju[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /po̞m/

Noun[edit]

(bom)

  1. spring, springtime

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 봄〮 (Yale: pwóm).

The etymology beyond Middle Korean is not clear, although Middle Korean nouns ending in -m are generally derived from verbs. A connection to the prefix (Yale: pwom), appearing in the Middle Korean compound verb 봄놀다 (Yale: pwom-nwolta, "to spring about in play") (literally "to pwom-play"), has been proposed. If valid, the semantic evolution of the Korean word would be similar to the English spring. However, a potentially identical prefix appears in the form of (Yale: pwup) in 붑괴다 (Yale: pwup-kwoyta, "to seethe"), suggesting that pwom- had an underlying /p/ which was assimilated to [m] in the presence of the subsequent /n/. If so, a connection between the prefix and the word for spring would be difficult to justify.

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?bom
Revised Romanization (translit.)?bom
McCune–Reischauer?pom
Yale Romanization?pom
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 에 /

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch and also heightens the next suffixed syllable, unless it is 에.

Noun[edit]

(bom)

  1. spring, springtime
    Hypernym: 계절(季節) (gyejeol, season (of the year))
Coordinate terms[edit]
Seasons in Korean · 사철 (, sacheol), 사계 (四季, sagye, “four seasons”) (layout · text)
(bom, “spring”) 여름 (yeoreum, “summer”) 가을 (ga-eul, “fall; autumn”) 겨울 (gyeoul, “winter”)
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the main entry.

Noun[edit]

(bom)

  1. Substantive form of 보다 (boda, to see): seeing

Middle Korean[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

봄〮 (pwóm) (locative 보ᄆᆡ〮 (pwòm-óy))

  1. spring (season)

Descendants[edit]

  • Korean: (bom)