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U+BD04, 봄
HANGUL SYLLABLE BOM
Composition: + +

[U+BD03]
Hangul Syllables
[U+BD05]

볿


볘 ←→ 봐

Jeju[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /po̞m/

Noun[edit]

(bom)

  1. spring, springtime

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 봄〮 (Yale: pwóm). The etymology beyond Middle Korean is not clear:

  • Middle Korean nouns ending in /-m/ are often substantives of verbs, but the only relevant verb is 보다〮 (Yale: pwò-tá, “to see”), which seems semantically unrelated.
  • Some online sources claim a connection to the element (Yale: pwom) in the Middle Korean compound verb 봄놀다 (Yale: pwom-nwolta, “to romp; to spring about in play”), whose second element is 놀〯다〮 (Yale: nwǒltá, “to play”). If valid, the semantics would be similar to English spring. It is not clear whether this has been suggested in academia.
However, it appears more likely that (Yale: pwom) is an allomorph of *봅 (Yale: pwop), nasalized by the following /n/; compare ablaut variant 붑괴다 (Yale: pwup-kwoyta, “to seethe”).[1]
  • It has been tentatively proposed that this is an ancient pre-Sino-Korean borrowing from Old Chinese (OC *[b]ˤ[o]m, “luxuriant growth (of foliage)”).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?bom
Revised Romanization (translit.)?bom
McCune–Reischauer?pom
Yale Romanization?pom
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 에 /

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch and also heightens the next suffixed syllable, unless it is 에.

Noun[edit]

(bom)

  1. spring, springtime
    Hypernym: 계절(季節) (gyejeol, season (of the year))
Coordinate terms[edit]
Seasons in Korean · 사철 (, sacheol), 사계 (四季, sagye, “four seasons”) (layout · text) · category
(bom, “spring”) 여름 (yeoreum, “summer”) 가을 (ga'eul, “fall; autumn”) 겨울 (gyeoul, “winter”)
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the main entry.

Noun[edit]

(bom)

  1. Substantive form of 보다 (boda, to see): seeing

References[edit]

  1. ^ 박진호(朴鎭浩) (September 30, 2009), “'봄놀다'와 '붑괴다'에 대한 어원론적 형태 분석”, in Hyeongtaeron, volume 2, issue 2, pages 209—214
  2. ^ 김태경 (December 2014), “상고 중국어 음운현상에서 본 한국어 어원”, in Jungugeo Munhak Nonjip, volume 89, pages 71—90

Middle Korean[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

봄〮 (pwóm) (locative 보ᄆᆡ〮 (pwòm-óy))

  1. spring (season)

Descendants[edit]

  • Korean: (bom)