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U+C12C, 섬
HANGUL SYLLABLE SEOM
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:t-j-a

[U+C12B]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C12D]




섀 ←→ 세

Jeju[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Korean (seom).

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /səm/

Noun[edit]

(seom)

  1. island

References[edit]

  • ” in Andrew Cheng; K. David Harrison, Jeju-eo Talking Dictionary, Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages, 2014.

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Hunmin jeongeum haerye (訓民正音解例 / 훈민정음해례), 1446, as Middle Korean 셤〯 (Yale: syěm).

Possibly related to Baekje 斯麻 (*syema, island) and Japanese (shima, island).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰʌ̹(ː)m]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seom
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seom
McCune–Reischauer?sŏm
Yale Romanization?sēm
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 섬 / 섬까지

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes low pitch, and heightens the pitch of two subsequent suffixed syllables.

Noun[edit]

(seom)

  1. island, islet or insular

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vovin, Alexander (2013), “From Koguryo to T'amna”, in Korean Linguistics[1] (PDF), volume 15, issue 2, John Benjamins Publishing Company, DOI:10.1075/kl.15.2.03vov, pages 222-240.