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U+C14B, 셋
HANGUL SYLLABLE SES
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:t-p-t

[U+C14A]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C14C]

Jeju[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of native Jeju origin. Cognate with Korean (set).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

(set)

  1. three
Alternative forms[edit]
  • (sit)
  • (seo) (before ㄷ, ㅁ, ㅂ, ㅍ)
  • (seok) (before ㄴ, ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅈ)
  • (se) (with counters)
Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]





서 ←→ 셔

Etymology 1[edit]

Korean numbers (edit)
30
[a], [b] ←  2 3 4  → [a], [b], [c], [d]
    Native: (set), (se), (seok), (seo)
    Sino-Korean: (sam)
    Hanja:
    Ordinal: 셋째 (setjjae)
    Number of days: 사흘 (saheul)

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 셓〯 (Yale: sěyh). A form similar to the Middle Korean is first attested in the twelfth-century Jilin leishi, which gives the Korean word for "three" as */sai/.

Beyond the Leishi, the reconstruction of the ancestral Koreanic root for "three" is difficult, although Alexander Vovin (Vovin 2010, p. 180) posits *seki as the direct antecedent (via metathesis) of Middle Korean sěyh, on the strength of the Middle Korean form 석〯 (Yale: sěk, "three", determiner form taken before certain classifiers). See a list of relevant attestations and forms in Appendix:Historical Koreanic numerals#Three.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰe̞(ː)t̚]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?set
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ses
McCune–Reischauer?set
Yale Romanization?sēys

Numeral[edit]

(set)

  1. (native numeral) three (independently, without a classifier)
    Synonyms: (se, three, determiner numeral before a classifier), () (sam, three, Sino-Korean numeral)
Usage notes[edit]

In modern Korean, numbers are usually written in Arabic numerals.

The Korean language has two sets of numerals: a native set of numerals inherited from Old Korean, and a Sino-Korean set which was borrowed from Middle Chinese in the first millennium C.E.

Native classifiers take native numerals.

Some Sino-Korean classifiers take native numerals, others take Sino-Korean numerals, while yet others take both.

Recently loaned classifiers generally take Sino-Korean numerals.

For many terms, a native numeral has a quantifying sense, whereas a Sino-Korean numeral has a sense of labeling.

  • 반(班) (se ban, three school classes, native numeral)
  • 반(班) (sam ban, Class Number Three, Sino-Korean numeral)

When used in isolation, native numerals refer to objects of that number and are used in counting and quantifying, whereas Sino-Korean numerals refer to the numbers in a more mathematical sense.

  • 하나 주세요 (hanaman deo juseyo, Could you give me just one more, please, native numeral)
  • 더하기 ? (Il deohagi ireun?, What's one plus one?, Sino-Korean numeral)

While older stages of Korean had native numerals up to the thousands, native numerals currently exist only up to ninety-nine, and Sino-Korean is used for all higher numbers. There is also a tendency—particularly among younger speakers—to uniformly use Sino-Korean numerals for the higher tens as well, so that native numerals such as 일흔 (ilheun, “seventy”) or 아흔 (aheun, “ninety”) are becoming less common.

Related forms[edit]
  • (seo, three, determiner before certain words, fossilized)
  • (seok, three, determiner before certain words, fossilized)
See also[edit]
  • 서른 (seoreun, “thirty”)

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Hebrew Šet.

Proper noun[edit]

(Set)

  1. (biblical) Seth (the third son of Adam and Eve)