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See also:
U+C218, 수
HANGUL SYLLABLE SU
Composition: +

[U+C217]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C219]




쇼 ←→ 숴

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (hand, way), from the Middle Korean reading 슈〮 (Yale: syú). However, the dependent noun is usually not written in hanja.

The word somewhat displaced the native dependent noun (jul, fact, ability).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?su
Revised Romanization (translit.)?su
McCune–Reischauer?su
Yale Romanization?swu

Dependent noun[edit]

(su) (usually no hanja; sometimes )

  1. (after verbal or adjectival adnominals) way, means, possibility, ability; used to express ability, in constructions equivalent to the English modal "can"
    그러는 밖에 없겠네.
    Geureoneun subakke eopgenne.
    I suppose that's all you can do.
    (literally, “[I suppose] there is no way but to do that.”)
    움직일 없다.
    Umjigil su-ga eopda.
    I can't move.
    (literally, “I lack the ability to move.”)
    중국 갔을 있어.
    Junggug-eul gasseul su-do isseo-yo.
    He might have gone to China as well.
    (literally, “There is also the possibility that he went to China.”)
Usage notes[edit]
  • Some speakers mistakenly believe that the element (su) in the suffix 을수록 (eulsurok, the more...) is this dependent noun, but in reality this is a reflex of Middle Korean ᄉᆞ (Yale: so).

Noun[edit]

(su) (hanja )

  1. (board games) move
    두면 외통수.
    Han su-man deo dumyeon oetongsuda.
    Just one more move, and it's checkmate.
  2. (originally board games, also figurative) ability, talent, skill
    최소한 영어 보단 .
    Choesohan yeong'eo-neun nae-ga gyaebodan han su wi-ya.
    At the very least, my skill in English is a notch better than hers.

Suffix[edit]

—수 (-su) (hanja )

  1. -er; -ist

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (number), from the Middle Korean reading 수〯 (Yale: swǔ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰu(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?su
Revised Romanization (translit.)?su
McCune–Reischauer?su
Yale Romanization?swū
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 수 / 수까지

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes low pitch, and heightens the pitch of two subsequent suffixed syllables.

Noun[edit]

(su) (hanja )

  1. number
    Synonyms: 숫자 (sutja), 개수 (gaesu)
  2. (less common) destiny, fate (especially a favorable one)
    Synonym: 운수(運數) (unsu)

Determiner[edit]

(su) (hanja )

  1. a few, several
    킬로미터su killomiteoseveral kilometers
    susip myeongseveral tens of people
Usage notes[edit]

When used before a numeral, this word is not spaced.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

First attested in the Bullyu dugongbu si eonhae (分類杜工部詩諺解 / 분류두공부시언해), 1481, as Middle Korean 숳〮 (Yale: swúh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?su
Revised Romanization (translit.)?su
McCune–Reischauer?su
Yale Romanization?swu

Noun[edit]

(su)

  1. (uncommon, usually used as a prefix) male (non-human)
    Synonym: (much more common) 수컷 (sukeot)
    Antonym: (am, female)

Prefix[edit]

수— (su-)

  1. male (non-human)
    Antonym: (am, female)
  2. (of objects that fit together) protruding
    Antonym: (am, concave, curving inwards)
Usage notes[edit]

As the relic of the Middle Korean coda /-h/ now lost in Modern Korean, the prefix usually aspirates a subsequent plosive.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (water), from the Middle Korean reading 슈〮 (Yale: syú).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?su
Revised Romanization (translit.)?su
McCune–Reischauer?su
Yale Romanization?swu

Noun[edit]

(su) (hanja )

  1. water, as one of the Five Phases of East Asian cosmology
    Synonym: (in general) (mul, water)
    Coordinate terms: 목(木) (mok, tree), 화(火) (hwa, fire), 토(土) (to, earth), 금(金) (geum, metal)
    Hypernym: 오행(五行) (ohaeng, Five Phases)
  2. Short for 수요일(水曜日) (suyoil): Wednesday
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (embroidering), from the Middle Korean reading 슈〯 (Yale: syǔ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰu(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?su
Revised Romanization (translit.)?su
McCune–Reischauer?su
Yale Romanization?swū

Noun[edit]

(su) (hanja )

  1. embroidering (in cloth)
    비단 놓다bidan-e su-reul notato embroider silk
    Synonym: 자수(刺繡) (jasu)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (head), from the Middle Korean reading 슈〮 (Yale: syú).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?su
Revised Romanization (translit.)?su
McCune–Reischauer?su
Yale Romanization?swu

Counter[edit]

(su) (hanja )

  1. A counter for poems.
  2. (formal) A counter for animals.
    Synonym: (more common) 마리 (mari)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (accept), from the Middle Korean reading (Yale: syù).

The sense of "bottom" is orthographic borrowing from Japanese 受け (uke).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?su
Revised Romanization (translit.)?su
McCune–Reischauer?su
Yale Romanization?swu

Noun[edit]

(su) (hanja )

  1. (Buddhism, philosophy) vedanā (sensation in Buddhist philosophy)
  2. (slang) bottom (in a gay sexual relationship)
    Synonym: 바텀 (bateom)
    Antonym: 공(攻) (gong)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 8[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (bone marrow), from the Middle Korean reading 슈〯 (Yale: syǔ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?su
Revised Romanization (translit.)?su
McCune–Reischauer?su
Yale Romanization?swu

Noun[edit]

(su) (hanja )

  1. (logging) pith (of wood)
    Synonym: 수심(樹心) (susim)
  2. (uncommon) bone marrow
    Synonym: 골수(骨髓) (golsu)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 9[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (the Sui).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?Su
Revised Romanization (translit.)?Su
McCune–Reischauer?Su
Yale Romanization?swu

Proper noun[edit]

(Su) (hanja )

  1. (formal, academic) the Sui, a short-lived Chinese dynasty
    Synonym: 수나라 (Sunara, the Sui, usual non-academic term)
Usage notes[edit]

As with all historical Chinese polities with a single-character name, the Sui are usually referred to with the suffix 나라 (nara, nation, country) as 수나라 (Sunara, the Sui country) outside of academia.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 10[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (defend).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?su
Revised Romanization (translit.)?su
McCune–Reischauer?su
Yale Romanization?swu

Noun[edit]

(su) (hanja )

  1. (historical) From the fifteenth to the nineteenth centuries, two government offices both belonging to the 정사품(正四品) (jeongsapum, upper degree of the fourth rank of government):
    1. An office supervising court food supplies
    2. An honorary office given to distant royal relatives
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 11[edit]

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(su)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕˠiuɪX))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨuX))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨuX))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨuH))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨuX, ɕɨuH))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨuX, ɕɨuH))
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨu, ɕɨuH))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiuɪ))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC sɨo))
  10. :
    (MC reading: (MC siuɪ))
  11. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʒɨu))
  12. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨoX, d͡ʑɨoH))
  13. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨuX, d͡ʑɨuH))
  14. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃɨoX, ʃɨoH, ʃˠʌk̚))
  15. :
    (MC reading: (MC sɨu))
  16. :
    (MC reading: (MC sɨuH))
  17. :
    (MC reading: (MC zɨu))
  18. :
    (MC reading: (MC sɨo))
  19. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠiuɪH, ʃiuɪt̚))
  20. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨo))
  21. :
    (MC reading: (MC ziuᴇ))
  22. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨo, ɕɨoH))
  23. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨuH))
  24. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiuᴇH))
  25. :
    (MC reading: (MC ziuɪH))
  26. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiuᴇ))
  27. :
    (MC reading: )
  28. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨo))
  29. :
    (MC reading: (MC jɨuX, sɨuH))
  30. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨo))
  31. :
    (MC reading: (MC siuɪH))
  32. :
    (MC reading: (MC ziuɪH))
  33. :
    (MC reading: (MC sɨuH))
  34. :
    (MC reading: (MC ziuᴇ, tʰuɑX))
  35. :
    (MC reading: (MC siuᴇX))
  36. :
    (MC reading: (MC zɨuH))
  37. :
    (MC reading: (MC səuH, suk̚, ʃˠʌk̚))
  38. :
    (MC reading: (MC sɑuX))
  39. :
    (MC reading: (MC zɨuH))
  40. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨoH))
  41. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃɨuH, səuH))
  42. :
    (MC reading: (MC ziuɪH))
  43. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨuH))
  44. :
    (MC reading: (MC ziuɪH))
  45. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃɨuH))
  46. :
    (MC reading: (MC siuɪ))
  47. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨuX, d͡ʑɨuH))
  48. :
    (MC reading: (MC sɨu))
  49. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨo))
  50. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃɨu))
  51. :
    (MC reading: )
  52. :
    (MC reading: (MC səuX))
  53. :
    (MC reading: (MC siuɪH))
  54. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨu))
  55. :
    (MC reading: )
  56. :
    (MC reading: (MC ziuɪH))
  57. :
    (MC reading: (MC sɨo))
  58. :
    (MC reading: )
  59. :
    (MC reading: (MC siuɪH))
  60. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨoX))
  61. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨu))
  62. :
    (MC reading: (MC hiuᴇ, siuɪ, hiuɪ, hiuɪH))
  63. :
    (MC reading: (MC siuɪH))
  64. :
    (MC reading: )
  65. 宿:
    (MC reading: 宿 (MC sɨuH, sɨuk̚))
  66. :
    (MC reading: (MC zɨu))
  67. :
    (MC reading: )
  68. :
    (MC reading: (MC səuX))
  69. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨuH))
  70. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃɨu))
  71. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡suʌiH))
  72. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨo))
  73. :
    (MC reading: (MC zɨu))
  74. :
    (MC reading: )
  75. :
    (MC reading: (MC seu))
  76. :
    (MC reading: (MC siuɪH))
  77. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃɨoX, səuX))
  78. :
    (MC reading: )
  79. :
    (MC reading: )
  80. :
    (MC reading: )
  81. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiuᴇ))
  82. :
    (MC reading: )
  83. :
    (MC reading: )
  84. 寿: Alternative form of
    (MC reading: 寿)
  85. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: (MC sɨu))
  86. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: )
  87. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: )
  88. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨoX))
  89. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: )
  90. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: (MC siuɪ))

References[edit]