Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+C218, 수
HANGUL SYLLABLE SU
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input:t-n

[U+C217]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C219]




쇼 ←→ 숴

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (hand, way), from the Middle Korean reading 슈〮 (Yale: syú). However, the dependent noun is usually not written in hanja.

The word somewhat displaced the native dependent noun (jul, fact, ability).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?su
Revised Romanization (translit.)?su
McCune–Reischauer?su
Yale Romanization?swu

Dependent noun[edit]

(su)

  1. (after verbal or adjectival adnominals) way, means, possibility, ability; used to express ability, in constructions equivalent to the English modal "can"
    그러는 밖에 없겠네.
    Geureoneun subakke eopgenne.
    I suppose that's all you can do.
    (literally, “[I suppose] there is no way but to do that.”)
    움직일 없다.
    Umjigil suga eopda.
    I can't move.
    (literally, “I lack the ability to move.”)
    중국 갔을 있어.
    Junggugeul gasseul sudo isseoyo.
    He might have gone to China as well.
    (literally, “There is also the possibility that he went to China.”)
Usage notes[edit]

Some speakers mistakenly believe that the element (su) in the suffix 을수록 (eulsurok, the more...) is this dependent noun, but in reality this is a reflex of Middle Korean ᄉᆞ (Yale: so).

Noun[edit]

(su) (hanja )

  1. (board games) move
    두면 외통수.
    Han suman deo dumyeon oetongsuda.
    Just one more move, and it's checkmate.
  2. (originally board games, also figurative) ability, talent, skill
    최소한 영어 보단 .
    Choesohan yeong'eoneun naega gyaebodan han su wiya.
    At the very least, my skill in English is a notch better than hers.

Suffix[edit]

—수 (-su) (hanja -)

  1. -er; -ist

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (number), from the Middle Korean reading 수〯 (Yale: swǔ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰu(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?su
Revised Romanization (translit.)?su
McCune–Reischauer?su
Yale Romanization?swū
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 수 / 수까지

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes low pitch, and heightens the pitch of two subsequent suffixed syllables.

Noun[edit]

(su) (hanja )

  1. number
    Synonyms: 숫자 (sutja), 개수 (gaesu)
  2. (less common) destiny, fate (especially a favorable one)
    Synonym: 운수(運數) (unsu)

Determiner[edit]

(su) (hanja )

  1. a few, several
    킬로미터su killomiteoseveral kilometers
    susip myeongseveral tens of people
Usage notes[edit]

When used before a numeral, this word is not spaced.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

First attested in the Bullyu dugongbu si eonhae (分類杜工部詩諺解 / 분류두공부시언해), 1481, as Middle Korean 숳〮 (Yale: swúh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?su
Revised Romanization (translit.)?su
McCune–Reischauer?su
Yale Romanization?swu

Noun[edit]

(su)

  1. (uncommon, usually used as a prefix) male (non-human)
    Synonym: (much more common) 수컷 (sukeot)
    Antonym: (am, female)

Prefix[edit]

수— (su-)

  1. male (non-human)
    Antonym: (am, female)
  2. (of objects that fit together) protruding
    Antonym: (am, concave, curving inwards)
Usage notes[edit]

As the relic of the Middle Korean coda /-h/ now lost in Modern Korean, the prefix usually aspirates a subsequent plosive.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (water), from the Middle Korean reading 슈〮 (Yale: syú).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?su
Revised Romanization (translit.)?su
McCune–Reischauer?su
Yale Romanization?swu

Noun[edit]

(su) (hanja )

  1. water, as one of the Five Phases of East Asian cosmology
    Synonym: (in general) (mul, water)
    Coordinate terms: 목(木) (mok, tree), 화(火) (hwa, fire), 토(土) (to, earth), 금(金) (geum, metal)
    Hypernym: 오행(五行) (ohaeng, Five Phases)
  2. Short for 수요일(水曜日) (suyoil): Wednesday
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (embroidering), from the Middle Korean reading 슈〯 (Yale: syǔ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰu(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?su
Revised Romanization (translit.)?su
McCune–Reischauer?su
Yale Romanization?swū

Noun[edit]

(su) (hanja )

  1. embroidering (in cloth)
    비단 놓다bidane sureul notato embroider silk
    Synonym: 자수(刺繡) (jasu)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (head), from the Middle Korean reading 슈〮 (Yale: syú).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?su
Revised Romanization (translit.)?su
McCune–Reischauer?su
Yale Romanization?swu

Counter[edit]

(su) (hanja )

  1. A counter for poems.
  2. (formal) A counter for animals.
    Synonym: (much more common) 마리 (mari)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (accept), from the Middle Korean reading (Yale: syù).

The sense of "bottom" is orthographic borrowing from Japanese 受け (uke).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?su
Revised Romanization (translit.)?su
McCune–Reischauer?su
Yale Romanization?swu

Noun[edit]

(su) (hanja )

  1. (Buddhism, philosophy) vedanā (sensation in Buddhist philosophy)
  2. (slang) bottom (in a gay sexual relationship)
    Synonym: 바텀 (bateom)
    Antonym: 공(攻) (gong)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 8[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (bone marrow), from the Middle Korean reading 슈〯 (Yale: syǔ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?su
Revised Romanization (translit.)?su
McCune–Reischauer?su
Yale Romanization?swu

Noun[edit]

(su) (hanja )

  1. (logging) pith (of wood)
    Synonym: 수심(樹心) (susim)
  2. (uncommon) bone marrow
    Synonym: 골수(骨髓) (golsu)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 9[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (the Sui).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?Su
Revised Romanization (translit.)?Su
McCune–Reischauer?Su
Yale Romanization?Swu

Proper noun[edit]

(Su) (hanja )

  1. (formal, academic) the Sui, a short-lived Chinese dynasty
    Synonym: 수나라 (Sunara, the Sui, usual non-academic term)
Usage notes[edit]

As with all historical Chinese polities with a single-character name, the Sui are usually referred to with the suffix 나라 (nara, nation, country) as 수나라 (Sunara, the Sui country) outside of academia.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 10[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (defend).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?su
Revised Romanization (translit.)?su
McCune–Reischauer?su
Yale Romanization?swu

Noun[edit]

(su) (hanja )

  1. (historical) From the fifteenth to the nineteenth centuries, two government offices both belonging to the 정사품(正四品) (jeongsapum, upper degree of the fourth rank of government):
    1. An office supervising court food supplies
    2. An honorary office given to distant royal relatives
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 11[edit]

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(su)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕˠiuɪX))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨuX))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨuX))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨuH))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨuX, ɕɨuH))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨuX, ɕɨuH))
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨu, ɕɨuH))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiuɪ))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC sɨo))
  10. :
    (MC reading: (MC siuɪ))
  11. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʒɨu))
  12. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨoX, d͡ʑɨoH))
  13. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨuX, d͡ʑɨuH))
  14. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃɨoX, ʃɨoH, ʃˠʌk̚))
  15. :
    (MC reading: (MC sɨu))
  16. :
    (MC reading: (MC sɨuH))
  17. :
    (MC reading: (MC zɨu))
  18. :
    (MC reading: (MC sɨo))
  19. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃˠiuɪH, ʃiuɪt̚))
  20. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨo))
  21. :
    (MC reading: (MC ziuᴇ))
  22. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨo, ɕɨoH))
  23. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨuH))
  24. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiuᴇH))
  25. :
    (MC reading: (MC ziuɪH))
  26. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiuᴇ))
  27. :
    (MC reading: )
  28. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨo))
  29. :
    (MC reading: (MC jɨuX, sɨuH))
  30. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨo))
  31. :
    (MC reading: (MC siuɪH))
  32. :
    (MC reading: (MC ziuɪH))
  33. :
    (MC reading: (MC sɨuH))
  34. :
    (MC reading: (MC ziuᴇ, tʰuɑX))
  35. :
    (MC reading: (MC siuᴇX))
  36. :
    (MC reading: (MC zɨuH))
  37. :
    (MC reading: (MC səuH, suk̚, ʃˠʌk̚))
  38. :
    (MC reading: (MC sɑuX))
  39. :
    (MC reading: (MC zɨuH))
  40. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨoH))
  41. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃɨuH, səuH))
  42. :
    (MC reading: (MC ziuɪH))
  43. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨuH))
  44. :
    (MC reading: (MC ziuɪH))
  45. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃɨuH))
  46. :
    (MC reading: (MC siuɪ))
  47. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨuX, d͡ʑɨuH))
  48. :
    (MC reading: (MC sɨu))
  49. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨo))
  50. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃɨu))
  51. :
    (MC reading: )
  52. :
    (MC reading: (MC səuX))
  53. :
    (MC reading: (MC siuɪH))
  54. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨu))
  55. :
    (MC reading: )
  56. :
    (MC reading: (MC ziuɪH))
  57. :
    (MC reading: (MC sɨo))
  58. :
    (MC reading: )
  59. :
    (MC reading: (MC siuɪH))
  60. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨoX))
  61. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨu))
  62. :
    (MC reading: (MC hiuᴇ, siuɪ, hiuɪ, hiuɪH))
  63. :
    (MC reading: (MC siuɪH))
  64. :
    (MC reading: )
  65. 宿:
    (MC reading: 宿 (MC sɨuH, sɨuk̚))
  66. :
    (MC reading: (MC zɨu))
  67. :
    (MC reading: )
  68. :
    (MC reading: (MC səuX))
  69. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨuH))
  70. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃɨu))
  71. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡suʌiH))
  72. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨo))
  73. :
    (MC reading: (MC zɨu))
  74. :
    (MC reading: )
  75. :
    (MC reading: (MC seu))
  76. :
    (MC reading: (MC siuɪH))
  77. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʃɨoX, səuX))
  78. :
    (MC reading: )
  79. :
    (MC reading: )
  80. :
    (MC reading: )
  81. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiuᴇ))
  82. :
    (MC reading: )
  83. :
    (MC reading: )
  84. 寿: Alternative form of
    (MC reading: 寿)
  85. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: (MC sɨu))
  86. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: )
  87. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: )
  88. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨoX))
  89. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: )
  90. : Alternative form of
    (MC reading: (MC siuɪ))

References[edit]