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Korean[edit]




유 ←

의 →

Etymology 1[edit]

Sino-Korean word from  (“the female principle yin”) .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(eum) (hanja )

  1. yin, the essential female principle in eastern religion or philosophy
Antonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Sino-Korean word from  (“sound, tone, pitch, pronunciation”) .

Noun[edit]

(eum) (hanja )

  1. sound
Derived terms[edit]
  • 음훈 (eumhun, “reading the sound and meaning of a Hanja together”, 音訓)
  • 음악 (eumak, “reading the sound and meaning of a Hanja together”, 音樂)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(eum)

  1. the act of; the process of; -tion; -ion; -ing
    (eum) is appended to a verb stem that ends with a consonant to nominalize the verb.
    • ; 감; 남
      gapeum; gameum; nameum
      (the act of) repaying; a washing; (the process of) profiting

Usage notes[edit]

The nominalized verbs formed by appending (eum) often correspond to the gerund in English, but many have acquired additional meaning:

  • 걷다 (geotda, “to walk”) + (eum): 걸음 (georeum, “step, pace”)
  • 돕다 (dopda, “to help”) + (eum): 도움 (doum, “assistance, support”)
  • 믿다 (mitda, “to believe”) + (eum): 믿음 (mideum, “trust”)

If the verb stem ends with a vowel, (m) is appended instead:

Synonyms[edit]