Reconstruction:Old Persian/𐎴𐎳𐎫

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This Old Persian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Old Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *n̥bʰtós, from *nebʰ- (wet, moist) (cf. Avestan napta, "moist, wet").


*𐎴𐎳𐎫 (nafta)

  1. wet, moist

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably borrowed or assimilated from Semitic Akkadian napṭu, "petroleum" (cf. Syriac ܢܦܛܐ, Hebrew נפט (néft), Arabic نفط (nifṭ, nafṭ)), from the verb napâṭu, nabâṭu ("to be(come) bright", "to shine", or "to flare up", "to blaze").

Possible connection to the Indo-Iranian god Apam Napat, whose name means "son of the waters". He is described in the Vedas as emerging from water with a golden appearance, theorised by some to be reference to fire which could have been inspired by a burning seepage of natural gas.


*𐎴𐎳𐎫 (nafta)

  1. petroleum


  • Middle Persian: npt' (naft, moist, damp; naphtha)Persian: نفت(naft, petroleum, oil)
  • Greek: νάφθα (náftha, naphtha)
    • Latin: naphtha (see there for further descendants)