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U+533F, 匿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-533F

[U+533E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5340]
U+F9EB, 匿
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9EB

[U+F9EA]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9EC]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 23, +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 尸廿大口 (STKR), four-corner 71716, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 155, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2690
  • Dae Jaweon: page 347, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 86, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+533F

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script
匿-bronze.svg 匿-silk.svg 匿-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *nɯɡ): semantic + phonetic (OC *nja, *njaʔ, *njaɡ).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-maŋ ~ s-mak (black; dark; ink) or Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-nak (black) (Schuessler, 2007; STEDT).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • nik1, nik6 - literary;
  • nei1 - vernacular (“to hide”).
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Nan

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ni⁵¹/
    Harbin /ni⁵³/
    Tianjin /ni⁵³/
    Jinan /ȵi²¹/
    Qingdao /ni⁴²/
    /mi²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ni³¹²/
    Xi'an /ni²¹/
    Xining /mji²¹³/
    Yinchuan /ni¹³/
    Lanzhou /ȵi¹³/
    Ürümqi /ȵi²¹³/
    Wuhan /ni²¹³/
    Chengdu /ȵie³¹/
    Guiyang /ni²¹/
    Kunming /ni³¹/
    Nanjing /liʔ⁵/
    Hefei /liəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /nəʔ²/
    Pingyao /ȵiʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /niəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /ȵiɪʔ¹/
    Suzhou /ȵiəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /ȵiəʔ²/
    Wenzhou /ȵai²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /ni²²/
    Tunxi
    Xiang Changsha /ȵi²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ȵi²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /nit̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /nit̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /nek̚⁵/
    Nanning /nek̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /nek̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lik̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /niʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ni²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /nek̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /nek̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (12)
    Final () (134)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɳɨk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɳɨk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /niek̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɳik̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /niək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /nĭək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ni̯ək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    nik6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nrik ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nr[ə]k/
    English conceal

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9481
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nɯɡ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to flee
    2. to hide; to go into hiding
    3. to conceal; to hold back
    4. secretly
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (, “evil; wicked; wicked thoughts”).

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (とく) (toku

    1. shelter
    2. hide

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɳɨk̚).

    Historical readings

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 숨길 (sumgil nik), South Korea 숨길 (sumgil ik))

    1. Hanja form? of / (to hide).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: nặc[1][2][3][4][5][6]
    : Nôm readings: nắc[1][3], nác[3], nước[3], nặc

    1. chữ Hán form of nặc.

    References[edit]