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See also: and
U+65A4, 斤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65A4

[U+65A3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65A5]
U+2F44, ⽄
KANGXI RADICAL AXE

[U+2F43]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F45]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
4 strokes
Stroke order
斤-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 69, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹一中 (HML), four-corner 72221, composition𠂆 or ⿸𠂋)

  1. Kangxi radical #69, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 479, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13534
  • Dae Jaweon: page 837, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2022, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65A4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𬬱 “axe”
“catty”

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
斤-oracle.svg 斤-bronze.svg 斤-silk.svg 斤-seal.svg 斤-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形) - an axe.

Etymology[edit]

ax
Unclear. Matisoff (2000) relates it to Proto-Lolo-Burmese *gyan (pickax); possibly also connected to Proto-Hmong-Mien *cwI:m (axe), Proto-Tai *xwaːnᴬ (axe) and/or Proto-Kam-Sui *kwan (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • geng1 - Chaozhou, Shantou, Chenghai;
  • gêng - Jieyang;
  • ging1 - Chaoyang.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
    Harbin /t͡ɕin⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕin²¹/
    Jinan /t͡ɕiẽ²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕiə̃²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕin²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕiẽ²¹/
    Xining /t͡ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕĩn³¹/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
    Kunming /t͡ɕĩ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕin³¹/
    Hefei /t͡ɕin²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕiŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕĩŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /t͡ɕin⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕin³³/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕaŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕin¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕin³³/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕin³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕin⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /kin⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /kin²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kɐn⁵³/
    Nanning /kɐn⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kɐn⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kun⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kyŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kœyŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kɯŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /in²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (57)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɨn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kɨn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiən/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kɨn/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiən/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭən/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯ən/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jīn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gan1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jīn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kjɨn ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ər/
    English axe; catty

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 6649
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kɯn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. catty, a unit of weight
      1. (Mainland China) catty or jin, a traditional unit of weight, equal to 0.5 kilograms
      2. (Hong Kong) catty or kan, a traditional unit of weight, legally defined as equal to 0.60478982 kilograms (公斤 or sometimes approximated as 500 grams)
      3. (Taiwan) catty, a traditional unit of weight, equal to 0.6 kilograms, also equal to 16 taels
    2. (archaic) axe; hatchet
      [Classical Chinese, trad.]
      [Classical Chinese, simp.]
      From: Zhuangzi, circa 3rd – 2nd centuries BCE, translated based on James Legge's version
      Jiàng Shí yùn jīn chéng fēng, tīng ér zhuó zhī. [Pinyin]
      (The artisan) Shi whirled his axe so as to produce a wind, which immediately carried off the mud entirely.
    3. keen; shrewd

    See also[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (57)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɨnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kɨnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiənH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kɨnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiənH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭənH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯ənH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jìn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gan3
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 6653
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kɯns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 斤斤 (jīnjīn).

    Compounds[edit]

    Further reading[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. counter for loaves of bread

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (geun) (hangeul , revised geun, McCune–Reischauer kŭn, Yale kun)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: cân, rìu

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.