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U+723D, 爽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-723D

[U+723C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+723E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 89, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 大大大大 (KKKK), four-corner 40034, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 690, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19746
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1104, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 543, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+723D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
2nd round simp. 𰋜

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
爽-oracle.svg 爽-bronze.svg 爽-seal.svg 爽-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意): + – bright.

Etymology[edit]

Schuessler (2007) compares this to Drung sraŋ (morning), from Proto-Tibeto-Burman *b/s-raŋ (morning, awake, alert) as well as Khmer ស្រាង (sraang, to be dim / faint (of early morning light); to glimmer). Possibly of part of an Austroasiatic word family; see (OC *raŋs) for more.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • sóng - literary;
  • sńg - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (21)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʃɨɐŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʃiɐŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʃiɑŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʂɨaŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʃiaŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʃĭaŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʂi̯aŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shuǎng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    song2
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11942
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    𤕤
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sraŋʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. bright; clear
    2. frank; straightforward
    3. refreshing; pleasurable; invigorating
        ―  Tài shuǎng le!  ―  This is so good!
    4. happy; cheerful; joyful
    5. (of health) well; to feel well
    6. to deviate; to make a mistake; to miss
    7. to violate; to breach; to break
        ―  shuǎngyuē  ―  to break an appointment
    8. (Internet slang) a unit equivalent to 640 million yuan (CNY) (Used to satirize Chinese actress Zheng Shuang's annual income being as much as 640 million yuan for just acting in TV dramas. Popularized by a series of events of Zheng Shuang.)

    See also[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“horse”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. refreshing; reinvigorating
    2. resonant
    3. sweet
    4. clear
    5. bracing

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʃɨɐŋX). Recorded as Middle Korean (sang) (Yale: sang) in Sinjeung Yuhap (新增類合 / 신증유합), 1576.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰa̠(ː)ŋ]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 시원할 (siwonhal sang))

    1. Hanja form? of (refreshing; pleasurable; invigorating).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: sảng, sửng, sượng, sững

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.