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See also:
U+819A, 膚
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-819A

[U+8199]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+819B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 130, +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 卜心田月 (YPWB), four-corner 21227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 992, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29829
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1444, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2107, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+819A

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms
𦢚

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou
Bronze inscriptions
膚-bronze.svg

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *p(r/j)a (skin) (STEDT). This form likely represents the root while (OC *bral) is its derivative with a voicing prefix, most likely PST *m-, found in several OC words for body parts like (OC *m-bi[t]-s, “nose”), (OC *m-tˤaʔ, “belly”), (OC *[ɢ]ʷəʔ-s (~ *m-qʷəʔ), “right-hand”) and (OC *[m-t]ˤo, “head”) (Baxter & Sagart, 2014).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/pio/
Shao
Rongfen
/pio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/puə̆/
Li
Rong
/pio/
Wang
Li
/pĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
fu1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pju ›
Old
Chinese
/*pra/
English skin

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5275
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pla/

Definitions[edit]

  1. skin
  2. superficial; shallow

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Thai: ผิว (pǐu)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
はだ
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
はだ
[noun] skin
[noun] the surface
[noun] a type
Alternative spellings
,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC pɨo). Recorded as Middle Korean (pwu) (Yale: pwu) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 살갗 (salgat bu))

  1. Hanja form? of (skin).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]