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U+8A93, 誓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A93

[U+8A92]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A94]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 149, +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 手中卜一口 (QLYMR), four-corner 52601, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1162, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35514
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1627, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3973, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8A93

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
ancient
𣂶 ancient
𣂯 ancient

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script
誓-bronze.svg 誓-silk.svg 誓-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦljeds): phonetic (OC *l'eːl, *ʔljed, *ɦljed) + semantic (speech).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sē/sī - literary;
  • chōa - vernacular;
  • sè - vernacular (俗).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (35)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjæiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiajH/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛiH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shì
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sai6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shì
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d][a]t-s/
English swear

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16934
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljeds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to swear; to vow; to pledge
      ―  shìshī  ―  to take a mass pledge before one's troops
  2. oath; pledge; vow
      ―  xuānshì  ―  to take an oath

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. vow
  2. swear
  3. pledge

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
うけい
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spellings
誓ひ

祈ひ
誓約
祈請
Wikipedia-logo.png
 うけい on Japanese Wikipedia

Continuative of 誓ふ (ukefu, to vow)

Noun[edit]

(うけい) (ukeiうけひ (ukefi)?

  1. (archaic, Shinto, Japanese mythology) an "oath", a ritual in which whether something is true or false, right or wrong, good or evil, etc. is judged based on whether the stated outcome of an act comes true as expected
    アマテラスとスサノオの誓約(うけい)
    Amaterasu to Susanoo no ukei
    the oath of Amaterasu and Susanoo

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seo) (hangeul , revised seo, McCune–Reischauer sŏ, Yale se)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: thệ, thề

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.