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See also: and
U+938C, 鎌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-938C

[U+938B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+938D]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
鎌-red.png

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 167, +10, 18 strokes, cangjie input 金廿X金 (CTXC), four-corner 88137, composition)

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1316, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40693
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1816, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4244, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+938C

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
鎌-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·rem): semantic (gold; metal) + phonetic (OC *keːm, *keːms)

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.
nonstandard simp. 𰾮
alternative forms

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “same as etymology 2? from 磏?”)

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. arrowhead with square corners
    Synonyms: , 箭鏃箭镞 (jiànzú)
    See also:

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“sickle”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1]

鎌󠄁
+󠄁?
(Adobe-Japan1)
U938c-kyu.svg
鎌󠄃
+󠄃?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
かま
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
かま
[noun] a sickle
[noun] a sickle-shaped weapon, such as a polearm with a sickle-shaped blade, or a 鎖鎌 (kusarigama)
[noun] short for 火打鎌 (hiuchigama): a striker for lighting fires (from the way that pieces of a broken kama blade were used for this purpose)
[noun] (slang) a perverse or bent tendency or way of thinking (from the way a kama blade bends)
[noun] (slang) a person with a perverse or bent tendency or way of thinking
[noun] a category of 家紋 (kamon, family crest) featuring a sickle
[noun] (woodworking) short for 鎌継ぎ (kamatsugi): a hammer-headed tenon (from the way the sickle blade sticks out perpendicular to the handle, similar to the sides of the hammer head on this kind of tenon)
[noun] (slang) excessive talkativeness (probably by sound association with the word 喧しい (yakamashii, noisy))
[noun] (slang) an excessively talkative person
[noun] (slang) a penis (probably from the way that a sickle blade sticks out perpendicular to the handle)
[noun] area of a fish around the gills
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア (Kanjipedia)[1] (in Japanese), 日本漢字能力検定協会, 2015—2022

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a corrupted or unorthodox reading.

Historical readings

The original reading is (ryeom) based on Middle Chinese (MC liᴇm).

Historical readings

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (nat gyeom))

  1. Hanja form? of (sickle).

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: liêm ((lực)(diêm)(thiết))[1]
: Nôm readings: gươm[2][3][1], liềm[2][1]

  1. Nôm form of liềm (sickle).
  2. Nôm form of gươm (sword).

References[edit]