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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier -ᾱ (), from Proto-Indo-European *-eh₂.

Suffix[edit]

(f (genitive -ης); first declension (Attic, Epic, Ionic, Koine Greek)

  1. Added to verbal stems ending in a consonant to form an action noun.
    1. Added to o-grade of the verbal stem
      τρέφω (tréphō, to nourish) + ‎ () → ‎τροφή (trophḗ, nourishment)
    2. Added to zero-grade of the verbal stem
      φεύγω (pheúgō, to flee) + ‎ () → ‎φυγή (phugḗ, flight)
      τυγχάνω (τυχ-) (tunkhánō (tukh-), to happen) + ‎ () → ‎τύχη (túkhē, fortune)
    3. Added to e-grade of the verbal stem
      στέγω (stégō, to shelter) + ‎ () → ‎στέγη (stégē, roof)

Usage notes[edit]

In Attic, the suffix takes the form -ᾱ () after ε (e), ι (i) or ρ (r).

The o-grade and zero-grade derivations have the accent on the suffix.

Declension[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part III: Formation of Words”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 859.2