-ικός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From -κός (-kós) with an added ι from i-stems such as φυσι-κός (phusi-kós, natural), through the same process by which -ῑ́της (-ī́tēs) developed from -της (-tēs), occurring in some original case and later used freely. Cognate with Latin -icus and Proto-Germanic *-igaz, whence Old English -iġ (English -y), Old High German -ig, Gothic -𐌴𐌹𐌲𐍃 (-eigs).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Suffix[edit]

-ῐκός (-ikósm (feminine -ῐκή, neuter -ῐκόν); first/second declension

  1. Added to noun stems to form adjectives: of or pertaining to, in the manner of; -ic

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920) , “Part III: Formation of Words”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 858

Greek[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ικός (-ikós)

  1. forms an adjective or a noun from a placename:
    Γαλλία (Gallía, France) + ‎-ικός (-ikós) → ‎γαλλικός (gallikós, French) (adjective)
    Γαλλία (Gallía, France) + ‎-ικός (-ikós) → ‎γαλλικά (galliká, French language) (inflection > noun)

Declension[edit]