-ικός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From -κός (-kós) with an added ι from i-stems such as φυσι-κός (phusi-kós, natural), through the same process by which -ῑ́της (-ī́tēs) developed from -της (-tēs), occurring in some original case and later used freely. Cognate with Latin -icus and Proto-Germanic *-igaz, from which came Old English -iġ (English -y), Old High German -ig, Gothic -𐌴𐌹𐌲𐍃 (-eigs).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /i.kós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /iˈkos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /iˈkos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /iˈkos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /iˈkos/
  • Suffix[edit]

    -ῐκός (-ikósm (feminine -ῐκή, neuter -ῐκόν); first/second declension

    1. Added to noun stems to form adjectives: of or pertaining to, in the manner of; -ic

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]


    References[edit]

    • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part III: Formation of Words”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 858