-ιος

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See also: ιός, Ίος, and ἰός

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-yós.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Suffix[edit]

-ῐος (-iosm (feminine -ῐ́ᾱ, neuter -ῐον); first/second declension

  1. Suffix added to nouns or adjectives, forming adjectives: pertaining to, belonging to ("of").

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: -ιος (-ios)

References[edit]

  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920) , “Part III: Formation of Words”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 858.2

Greek[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the Ancient Greek -ῐος (-ios). Found in inhertied words, and compositions of formal words.

Pronunciation[edit]

for older or formal words:

  • IPA(key): /i.os/
  • Hyphenation: ι‧ος

Suffix[edit]

-ιος (-iosm (feminine -ια, neuter -ιο)

  1. Used to form nouns and adjectives indicating origin:
    Κύπρος (Kýpros, Cyprus) + ‎-ιος (-ios) → ‎Κύπριος (Kýprios, Cypriot) (noun, demonym)
    Related term: -αίος (-aíos) for demonyms
    θάλασσα (thálassa, sea) + ‎-ιος (-ios) → ‎θαλάσσιος (thalássios, marine) (adjective)
    αιώνας (aiónas, century) + ‎-ιος (-ios) → ‎αιώνιος (aiónios, eternal) (adjective)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Modern formations of derivatives from verbs or adjectives + -ιος (-ios)

Pronunciation[edit]

in one syllable:

  • IPA(key): /i̯os/ with palatal variants /ʝos, ʎos, ços, ɲos/ depending on the preceding consonant
  • Hyphenation: ιος

Suffix[edit]

-ιος (-iosm (feminine -ια, neuter -ιο)

  1. Used to form adjectives indicating property, characteristic of the prototype word:
    σαπίζω (sapízo, I rot) + ‎-ιος (-ios) → ‎σάπιος (sápios, rotten) /ˈsapços/ (from verb)
    καθαρός (katharós, clean) + ‎-ιος (-ios) → ‎καθάριος (kathários, clear) /kaˈθaɾʝos/ (from adjective)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]