-μα

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-mn̥, with -ματ- (-mat-) possibly coming from *-mn̥t- (seen in Latin -mentum).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Suffix[edit]

-μᾰ (-man (genitive -μᾰτος); third declension

  1. Added to verbal stems to form neuter nouns denoting the result or effect of an action, a particular instance of an action, or the object of an action
    γράφω (gráphō, write)γράμμα (grámma, that which is written, letter)
    σχίζω (skhízō, divide)σχίσμα (skhísma, that which is divided)
    ἀθλέω (athléō, compete)ἄθλημα (áthlēma, contest)
    ἀθύρω (athúrō, play)ἄθυρμα (áthurma, toy)
    νοέω (noéō, think)νόημα (nóēma, thought)
    ποιέω (poiéō, make)ποίημα (poíēma, poem, or in general something made)
    δέρω (dérō, flay, skin)δέρμα (dérma, skin)
    τέμνω (témnō, cut)τμῆμα (tmêma, section)
    σπείρω (speírō, sow)σπέρμα (spérma, that which is sown, seed)
    βδελύττομαι (bdelúttomai, to feel nausea, to be sick)βδέλυγμα (bdélugma, abomination)
    ἐκπῑ́νω (ekpī́nō, drink out)ἔκπωμα (ékpōma, drinking-cup)
    θεωρέω (theōréō, observe)θεώρημα (theṓrēma, observation, theorem)

Usage notes[edit]

Resulting nouns always have recessive accent.

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920) , “Part III: Formation of Words”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 861
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN

Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from the Ancient Greek -μα (-ma).

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ma/

Suffix[edit]

-μα (-man

  1. added to a verb form to create gerund and action nouns:
    καπνίζω (kapnízo, to smoke) + ‎-μα (-ma) → ‎κάπνισμα (kápnisma, smoking)
    ζεσταίνω (zestaíno, to heat up) + ‎-μα (-ma) → ‎ζέσταμα (zéstama, warming up)
    τελειώνω (teleióno, to end) + ‎-μα (-ma) → ‎τελείωμα (teleíoma, ending)
    ανοίγω (anoígo, to open) + ‎-μα (-ma) → ‎άνοιγμα (ánoigma, opening)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]