-μα

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-mn̥, with -ματ- ‎(-mat-) possibly coming from *-mn̥t- (seen in Latin -mentum).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Suffix[edit]

-μᾰ ‎(-ma) ‎(genitive -μᾰτος) n, third declension

  1. Added to verbal stems to form neuter nouns denoting the result of an action, a particular instance of an action, or the object of an action
    γράφω ‎(gráphō, write) → γράμμα ‎(grámma, that which is written)
    σχίζω ‎(skhízō, divide) → σχίσμα ‎(skhísma, that which is divided)
    ἀθλέω ‎(athléō, compete) → ἄθλημα ‎(áthlēma, a contest)

Usage notes[edit]

Resulting nouns always have recessive accent.

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part III: Formation of Words”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 861
  • Andrew L. Sihler (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, New York, Oxford, Oxford University Press

Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from the Ancient Greek -μα ‎(-ma).

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ma/

Suffix[edit]

-μα ‎(-man

  1. added to a verb form to create gerund and action nouns:
    καπνίζω ("to smoke")   x   κάπνισμα ("smoking")
    ζεσταίνω ("to heat up")   x   ζέσταμα ("warming up")
    τελειώνω ("to end")   x   τελείωμα ("ending")
    ανοίγω ("to open")   x   άνοιγμα ("opening")

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]