-μα

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-mn̥, with -ματ- (-mat-) possibly coming from *-mn̥t- (seen in Latin -mentum).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Suffix[edit]

-μᾰ (-ma) (genitive -μᾰτος) n, third declension

  1. Added to verbal stems to form neuter nouns denoting the result of an action, a particular instance of an action, or the object of an action
    γράφω (gráphō, write)γράμμα (grámma, that which is written)
    σχίζω (skhízō, divide)σχίσμα (skhísma, that which is divided)
    ἀθλέω (athléō, compete)ἄθλημα (áthlēma, a contest)

Usage notes[edit]

Resulting nouns always have recessive accent.

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part III: Formation of Words”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 861
  • Andrew L. Sihler (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, New York, Oxford, Oxford University Press

Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from the Ancient Greek -μα (-ma).

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ma/

Suffix[edit]

-μα (-man

  1. added to a verb form to create gerund and action nouns:
    καπνίζω ("to smoke")   x   κάπνισμα ("smoking")
    ζεσταίνω ("to heat up")   x   ζέσταμα ("warming up")
    τελειώνω ("to end")   x   τελείωμα ("ending")
    ανοίγω ("to open")   x   άνοιγμα ("opening")

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]