-ων

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: ὤν, -ῶν, and -ών

Ancient Greek[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Suffix[edit]

-ων (-ōn)

  1. Genitive plural of second- and third-declension nouns and adjectives not accented on the ultima
  2. Masculine and neuter genitive plural of first- and second-declension not accented on the ultima

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-onts.

Suffix[edit]

-ων (-ōnm (feminine -ουσᾰ, neuter -ον); first/third declension

  1. Masculine singular of present, future, and second aorist active participles
Inflection[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-yōs with contamination (see there).

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ων (-ōnm or f (neuter -ον); third declension

  1. Added to adjective stems to form comparative forms
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-Hō, dubbed "Hoffmann's suffix", meaning "one who possesses X".

Suffix[edit]

-ων (-ōnm (genitive -ωνος); third declension

  1. Added to nouns to form possessive derivatives
    πλοῦτος (ploûtos, riches) + ‎-ων (-ōn) → ‎Πλούτων (Ploútōn, One who possesses riches, god of the underworld)
    τιμή (timḗ, honor) + ‎-ων (-ōn) → ‎Τίμων (Tímōn, Honorable One, personal name)
Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-ō. It is sometimes referred to as the "Strabon suffix", after the personal name, which features it.

Suffix[edit]

-ων (-ōnm (genitive -ωνος or -ονος); third declension

  1. Added to adjectives to form nominalisations
    στραβός (strabós, squinty-eyed) + ‎-ων (-ōn) → ‎Στράβων (Strábōn, Squinty guy, personal name)
    γλαυκός (glaukós, gray-eyed) + ‎-ων (-ōn) → ‎Γλαύκων (Glaúkōn, Gray-eye, personal name)
Inflection[edit]