-ий

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See also: ий and її

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ьjь.

Suffix[edit]

-ий (-ij)

  1. -'s, -ine
    соба́чийsobáčijdog's, canine
    коша́чийkošáčijcat's, feline
    ры́бийrýbijfish's
    пти́чийptíčijavian, bird's
    деви́чийdevíčijgirl's, girlish
    ба́бийbábij(pejorative or in expressions) woman's
Usage notes[edit]
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ъ.

Suffix[edit]

-ий (-ij)

  1. -ed
    одно- (odno-, one) + нога́ (nogá, leg)одноно́гий (odnonógij, one-legged)
    жёлтый (žóltyj, yellow) + брю́хо (brjúxo, belly)желтобрю́хий (želtobrjúxij, yellow-bellied)
    без- (bez-, without) + лик (lik, face)безли́кий (bezlíkij, faceless, literally no-faced)
Usage notes[edit]
  • This suffix is a variant of -ый (-yj) used particularly after velars (к г х) due to Russian spelling rules. It is used particularly with two-part compounds, where the second part normally refers to a body part. It does not trigger the Slavic first palatalization.
  • These adjectives do have short forms, of accent pattern a.
Declension[edit]
for an adjective whose stem ends in к; similarly for г and х
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-jь.

Suffix[edit]

-ий (-ij)

  1. forms adjectives from verbs, verbal nouns and compounds: -ous, -al, etc.
    сход (sxod, gathering)схо́жий (sxóžij, similar)
    расходи́ться (rasxodítʹsja, to sell out)расхо́жий (rasxóžij, popular, in demand)
    бес- (bes-, without) + стыд (styd, shame)бессты́жий (besstýžij, shameless)
Usage notes[edit]
  • This suffix is not too common and appears to be formed especially from nouns and verbs ending in д. Unlike the other two suffixes, it triggers iotation.
  • Adjectives formed this way tend to have a popular, colloquial flavor.
Declension[edit]
for an adjective whose stem ends in ж
Derived terms[edit]