-ний

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See also: НИИ and ний

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Soft variant of -ный (-nyj).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ний (-nij)

  1. Used to form adjectives from nouns, often relational (meaning "related to X"); a less common variant of -ный (-nyj).
    сосе́д (soséd, neighbor) + ‎-ний (-nij) → ‎сосе́дний (sosédnij, neighboring)
    пятиле́тие (pjatilétije, five-year period) + ‎-ний (-nij) → ‎пятиле́тний (pjatilétnij, five-year)

Usage notes[edit]

  • When short forms exist, the short masculine singular is often missing. When present, it is -ен.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Related terms[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ьnъ.

Suffix[edit]

-ний or -ни́й (-nyj or -nýj)

  1. Used to form adjectives from nouns; -ish, -y.
    го́лос (hólos) + ‎-ний (-nyj) → ‎голосни́й (holosnýj)

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]