-ний

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: НИИ and ний

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Soft variant of -ный (-nyj).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ний (-nij)

  1. Used to form adjectives from nouns, often attributive (meaning "related to X"); a less common variant of -ный (-nyj).
    сосе́д (soséd, neighbor)сосе́дний (sosédnij, neighboring)
    пятиле́тие (pjatilétije, five-year period)пятиле́тний (pjatilétnij, five-year)

Usage notes[edit]

  • When short forms exist, the short masculine singular is often missing. When present, it is -ен.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Related terms[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ьnъ. Cognate with Russian -ный (-nyj), Belarusian -ны (-ny), Polish -ny.

Suffix[edit]

-ний or -ни́й (-nyj or -nýj)

  1. Used to form adjectives from noun; -ish, -y.
    го́лос (hólos) + ‎-ний (-nyj) → ‎голосни́й (holosnýj)

Derived terms[edit]