-шний

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic -чьнии (-čĭnii), cognate with Old Church Slavonic -щьнь (-štĭnĭ), Serbo-Croatian -ħӣ, Czech -ci, Slovene , Kashubian -ci, Upper Sorbian -cy, Lower Sorbian -cny, from Proto-Slavic *-ťь, cognate with Sanskrit -त्य (-tya), e.g. in अमात्य (amā́tya, companion, member of household).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-шний (-šnij)

  1. Suffix used to form adjectives from adverbs and prepositions.
    до́ма (dóma, at home) + ‎-шний (-šnij) → ‎дома́шний (domášnij, household, domestic)
    Old East Slavic тамо (tamo, there) + ‎-шний (-šnij) → ‎та́мошний (támošnij, local)
    вне (vne, out of) + ‎-шний (-šnij) → ‎вне́шний (vnéšnij, exterior)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]