-ական

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See also: ական

Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian -ական (-akan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ական (-akan)

  1. forming adjectives; -ian, -al
    հորիզոնականhorizonakanhorizontal
    հայկականhaykakanArmenian
  2. forming personified nouns, with the meaning of a follower, profession or doer of something; -ist, -er
    ստալինականstalinakanStalinist
    վաճառականvačaṙakanmerchant
    թափառականtʿapʿaṙakanvagabond, vagrant

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix is very productive.

Derived terms[edit]



Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Iranian *-(a)kan. Compare Middle Persian -kʾn (-agān).

Suffix[edit]

-ական (-akan)

  1. forming adjectives from nouns; -ian, -al
    պարսիկparsika Persian
    պարսկականparskakanPersian
  2. forming personified nouns, with the meaning of a follower, profession or doer of something; -ist, -er
    փախուստpʿaxustflight, fleeing
    փախստականpʿaxstakanrefugee

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix was very productive.

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998), “-(ա)կան”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer; 2) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʿi, pages 5–48