-ու

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See also: ու

Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Armenian -ու (-u).

Suffix[edit]

-ու (-u)

  1. forming adjectives
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ու (-u)

  1. the future converb I ending of verbs
    սիրելուsirelufuture converb I of սիրել (sirel)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Armenian -ու (-u).

Suffix[edit]

-ու (-u)

  1. the singular dative case ending of u-declension nouns
    ձիուjiudative singular case of ձի (ji)
    մարդուmardudative singular case of մարդ (mard)
See also[edit]

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-usyā, the feminine form of the participle suffix *-wes. See also -ուք (-ukʿ).

Suffix[edit]

-ու (-u)

  1. Forming adjectives.
    հատանեմhatanemI cut
    հատուhatusharp, cutting
    կծանեմkcanemI bite
    կծուkcutart, pungent
    աղsalt
    աղուałuagreeable
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

Contamination of Proto-Indo-European *-u stem vowel with the Proto-Indo-European *-yo, *-yā suffix.

Suffix[edit]

-ու (-u)

  1. found in few words, such as արու (aru), եղջերու (ełǰeru), մեղու (mełu), ուրջու (urǰu)
Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998), “-ու”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer; 2) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʿi, pages 5–48

Etymology 3[edit]

According to Godel, is identical with the -ու- (-u-) stem vowel. The remaining stem, standing in contrast to the nominative/accusative singular (which lost its stem), was apt to function as a full-fledged case form.

Suffix[edit]

-ու (-u)

  1. singular genitive/dative/instrumental/locative marker for u-declension words
    ծովուcovugenitive/dative/instrumental/locative singular of ծով (cov)

References[edit]

  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 104