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See also: ւ, լ, Ւ, and Ի

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-bʰi. The vowel is preserved in ի-ւի-ք (i-wi-kʿ). Cognate with Mycenaean Greek [script needed] (-pi), Homeric Ancient Greek -φι (-phi), Sanskrit -भ्याम् (-bhy-ām, dual ablative-instrumental marker), भ्यस् (-bhy-as, plural dative-ablative marker), भिस् (-bhi-s, plural instrumental marker), the plural dative endings in Gaulish gobed-bi (to the smiths) and Old Irish feraib (to the men).

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(-w)

  1. instrumental case marker
Usage notes[edit]

(-w) applied to i- and i-a-stems, (-v) to o-stems, (-b) to ł-, r- and n-stems. The marker dropped regularly after ու (u) in u-stems, e.g. զարդ (zard) : instrumental զարդու (zardu).

Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Fortson, Benjamin W. (2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, second edition, Oxford: Blackwell, page 389
  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 103
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2013), “The place of Armenian in the Indo-European language family: the relationship with Greek and Indo-Iranian”, in Journal of Language Relationship[1], issue 10, § 3.3
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) A Grammatical Sketch of Classical Armenian[2] (pdf), Zagreb

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-to, the third-person singular past indicative middle ending, e.g. in *bʰére-to.

Suffix[edit]

(-w)

  1. third-person singular aorist mediopassive indicative ending of verbs
    նստա-ւnsta-whe sat
    հայեցա-ւhayecʿa-whe looked
See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Fortson, Benjamin W. (2010) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, second edition, Oxford: Blackwell, page 392