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U+4E21, 両
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E21

[U+4E20]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E22]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 1 +5, 6 strokes, cangjie input 一山月 (MUB), four-corner 10227, composition or ⿻⿱)

  1. two
  2. both, pair, couple
  3. ounce, tael

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 78, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46
  • Dae Jaweon: page 157, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 19, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E21

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji 1[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. both
  2. old Japanese coin
  3. two

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji 2[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. counter for carriages, such as in a train

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
りょう
Grade: 3
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (/lɨɐŋH/ invalid IPA characters (H), two, both).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana りょう, rōmaji ryō, historical hiragana りやう)

  1. the both of something
     (りょう) ()
    ryō no te de
    with both hands
  2. a traditional unit of currency

Prefix[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana りょう, rōmaji ryō-, historical hiragana りやう)

  1. both
  2. two

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ころ
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Possibly related to root koro in reference to rolling, as in 転ぶ (korobu, to tumble, to fall; to roll), ころころ (korokoro, rollingly).

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana ころ, rōmaji -koro)

  1. (obsolete) a traditional unit of weight, roughly equivalent to 37.5 grams
Usage notes[edit]

The koro reading appears to be obsolete, superseded by ryō above.

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
りょう
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Probably from Middle Chinese (/lɨɐŋH/ invalid IPA characters (H)?, counter for vehicles).

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana りょう, rōmaji -ryō, historical hiragana りやう)

  1. a car of a train
    この (でん) (しゃ) (ろく) (りょう) (へん) (せい)です。
    Kono densha wa rokuryō hensei desu.
    This train consists of six cars.
Usage notes[edit]

Shinjitai. As this form conflates the traditional characters and , some may prefer not to simplify the latter, or to use the extended shinjitai form .

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan