- indicates the direct object of a verb
- 시리레 ᄀᆞ를 담으라.
- Sirire gawreul dam-eura.
- Put the flour into the steamer.
- 을 (-eul) is used after a word ending with a consonant. If the preceding word ends in a vowel, ㄹ (-l) is used instead.
|Revised Romanization (translit.)?||eul|
From Middle Korean 을〮/ᄋᆞᆯ〮 (Yale: -úl/ól), from Old Korean 乙 (*-ur) in the early second millennium, from even earlier 肹 in the late first millennium. The post-vocalic form 를 (-reul) is probably formed by pre-Middle Korean reduplication, with the original form ㄹ (-l) now relegated to colloquial speech.
을 • (-eul)
- The accusative particle, indicating the direct object of a verb.
- In "long negation" constructions with 지 (-ji), attaches to the negated verb to add emphasis.
- (southern Gyeongsang) Indicates the indirect object of a verb.
- Note that Korean verbal transitivity can differ from the English equivalent. In particular, verbs of motion can take direct objects, and most compound verbs with 하다 (hada) function as transitive verbs where the meaningful element is a noun which is the direct object of 하다 (hada).
- Korean case-marking particles can be omitted if the case is obvious from context; in such cases, the particle has an emphatic sense.
- 를 (-reul) can occur after the locative particle 에 (-e) and the instrumental particle 으로 (-euro).
In Old Korean, a (perhaps the) primary function of this suffix was to form verbal gerunds that could function as nouns, much as English -ing-forms serve as both independent nouns and to attribute nouns adjectivally; this nominalizing usage was only vestigial in Middle Korean and is wholly defunct today.
- ㄹ (-l) — after vowels
을 • (-eul)
- A verbal and adjectival irrealis adnominal suffix; generally equivalent to English "that [one] will" or "who [one] will", but not always with a future meaning; indicates the future intention of the subject, the inference of the subject about an event (whether past, present, or future), a general timeless fact, something that ought to be done, etc.
- Coordinate term: 은 (-eun, realis/past adnominal suffix)
- Accusative case marker.
- Korean: 을 (eul)