-and

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English -and, -end, -ant, -nd, from Old English -ende, -ande, present participle ending of verbs, and -end, -nd, agent ending, both from Proto-Germanic *-andz (present participle suffix), from Proto-Indo-European *-anto-. More at -ing.

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-and

  1. (now chiefly dialectal, Scotland) Used to form the present participle of verbs, equivalent to -ing.
    livand, nurischand, ravand, snipand, goand
  2. (rare or no longer productive) A suffix of Anglo-Saxon origin forming adjectives from verbs analogous to -ing.
    waniand, blatant, blicant, farrand, flippant, gainand, rampant, trippant, warkand

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin gerundive termination -andus, -endus. More at -end.

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-and

  1. A suffix forming nouns denoting patients or recipients of actions, such as compiland.
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]


Anagrams[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From -amod / -emed.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-and

  1. (instantaneous suffix, rare) Added to a stem to form a verb with an instantaneous meaning.
    csiklik (to tickle) (obsolete)csikland (to tickle) (archaic or literary); compare current csiklandoz
  2. (personal suffix, archaic) Added to a verb to form the future tense.
    fog (to hold, to catch)fogand (he/she/it will hold or catch)
    áll (to stand)álland (he/she/it will stand)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (both senses) Harmonic variants:
    -and is added to back-vowel verbs
    -end is added to front-vowel verbs

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN
  2. ^ Kiss, Jenő and Ferenc Pusztai (eds.). A magyar nyelvtörténet kézikönyve (’A Handbook of Hungarian Linguistic History’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2018, page 145, section 3.2., →ISBN

Ojibwe[edit]

Final[edit]

-and

  1. act on by mouth

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]