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See also: bundus





From Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (to become, to grow) (whence also fīō, fuī, futūrus and other verb forms of esse starting with fu-). Perhaps from Proto-Italic *-βuwontnos < syncopated from *-βuwontinos, from the Proto-Indo-European aorist participle *bʰuHónt- + *-(i)nós. The development of the Latin gerundive and later gerund has been traced to analogous derivations from the Proto-Indo-European *-ont- (participial suffix) +‎ *-(i)nós (adjective-forming suffix) in secundus, oriundus, rotundus, and lābundus.[1] Compare -undus and -cundus.





-bundus (feminine -bunda, neuter -bundum); first/second-declension suffix

  1. Derives adjectives with an active or transitive meaning, sometimes even taking a direct object.[2]
    cantō (sing) + ‎-bundus → ‎cantābundus (singing)
    furō (rave, rage) + ‎-bundus → ‎furibundus (raging, mad, furious)
    morior (die) + ‎-bundus → ‎moribundus (dying; mortal)
    populor (ravage, lay waste to) + ‎-bundus → ‎populābundus (laying waste, ravaging)



First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative -bundus -bunda -bundum -bundī -bundae -bunda
Genitive -bundī -bundae -bundī -bundōrum -bundārum -bundōrum
Dative -bundō -bundō -bundīs
Accusative -bundum -bundam -bundum -bundōs -bundās -bunda
Ablative -bundō -bundā -bundō -bundīs
Vocative -bunde -bunda -bundum -bundī -bundae -bunda

See also



  1. ^ Jasanoff, Jay H. “The origin of the Latin gerund and gerundive: a new proposal.Harvard Ukrainian Studies (2006): 195-208.
  2. ^ -bundus” on page 268/1 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (2nd ed., 2012)