-ca

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Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Declined forms of -cus ‎(adjectival suffix).

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ca

  1. nominative feminine singular of -cus
  2. nominative neuter plural of -cus
  3. accusative neuter plural of -cus
  4. vocative feminine singular of -cus
  5. vocative neuter plural of -cus

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-cā

  1. ablative feminine singular of -cus

Etymology 2[edit]

Declined forms of -cum ‎(nominal suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ca n

  1. nominative plural of -cum
  2. accusative plural of -cum
  3. vocative plural of -cum

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ьca

Suffix[edit]

-ca m pers

  1. Forms agent nouns

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]

-czyni f


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ca (Cyrillic spelling -ца)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a feminine noun, usually a diminutive form expressing endearment.

Turkish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ca

  1. Used to form languages from nationalities.
    İspanyol ‎(Spanish (nationality)) + ‎-ca → ‎İspanyolca ‎(Spanish language)
  2. Used to form adverbs from adjectives.
    aptal ‎(dumb, silly) + ‎-ca → ‎aptalca

Usage notes[edit]

  • It's used when the nationality word's last vowel is one of "a", "ı", "o" or "u" and the last consonant is one of "b", "c", "d", "g", "ğ", "j", "l", "m", "n", "r", "v", "y" or "z"
  • It could be -ce, -ça, -çe according to the last vowel and the last consonant of the word.
  • It may be added after a country's name instead of nationality:
    İzlanda ‎(Iceland) + ‎-ca → ‎İzlandaca ‎(Icelandic language)
    Malta ‎(Malta) + ‎-ca → ‎Maltaca ‎(Maltese language)

Derived terms[edit]