-ca

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Azerbaijani[edit]

Suffix[edit]

preceding vowel
A / I / O / U E / Ə / İ / Ö / Ü
-ca -cə

-ca

  1. Form of -cə after the vowels A / I / O / U.

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ca

  1. (diminutive suffix) Added to a noun or a proper noun to form a diminutive.
    Teréz (Teresa)Teca (Tessa)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (diminutive suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -ca is added to back vowel words
    -ce is added to front vowel words

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Declined forms of -cus (adjectival suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ca

  1. inflection of -cus:
    1. nominative/vocative feminine singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter plural

Suffix[edit]

-cā

  1. ablative feminine singular of -cus

Etymology 2[edit]

Declined forms of -cum (nominal suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ca n

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative plural of -cum

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *-ukô, equivalent to -oc +‎ -a.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ca

  1. Creates concrete masculine nouns from adjectives or verbs, usually typifying a condition or state, or characterising a diminutive aspect.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-ьca.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /t͡sa/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -a
  • Syllabification: ca

Suffix[edit]

-ca m pers (feminine -czyni)

  1. Forms agent nouns
    dawać + ‎-ca → ‎dawca

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • -ca in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • -ca in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ca (Cyrillic spelling -ца)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a feminine noun, usually a diminutive form expressing endearment.

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish ـجه‎.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ca

  1. like, -like, -ly; -ish; as if, as though; in the way of
  2. Used to form adverbs from nouns and adjectives.
    aptal (idiot, idiotic) + ‎-ca → ‎aptalca (idiotically)
  3. -ish: Used to form languages from a demonym/nationality.
    İspanyol (Spaniard, Spanish) + ‎-ca → ‎İspanyolca (Spanish language) (literally "like a Spaniard")
  4. -ian, -ese: Used to form languages the name of a country or region.
    İzlanda (Iceland) + ‎-ca → ‎İzlandaca (Icelandic language) (literally "in the way of Iceland")
    Malta (Malta) + ‎-ca → ‎Maltaca (Maltese language)

Usage notes[edit]

  • It is used when the nationality word's last vowel is one of "a", "ı", "o" or "u" and the last consonant is one of "b", "c", "d", "g", "ğ", "j", "l", "m", "n", "r", "v", "y" or "z"
  • It can become -ce, -ça, -çe according to the last vowel and the last consonant of the word.

Derived terms[edit]