-ei

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Chuukese[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ei

  1. (added to possessive nouns) my
  2. (added to verbs as an indirect object) me
  3. added to nouns to form verbs

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German -īe, borrowed from Old French -ie, from Latin -ia.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [aɪ̯]
  • (file)

Suffix[edit]

-ei f (plural -eien)

  1. Forming names of sites or buildings where a characteristic activity is conducted.
    Bäcker (baker) + ‎-ei → ‎Bäckerei (bakery)
  2. Forming names of regions or countries.
    Mongole + ‎-ei → ‎Mongolei (Mongolia)
  3. Used to create abstract nouns denoting a state, condition, or quality: -y
  4. Alternative form of -erei

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

-ei

  1. Romanization of -𐌴𐌹

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

-e (possessive suffix) +‎ -i (possessive plural)

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ei

  1. possessive suffix for multiple possessions:
    1. (with no noun for possessor) his, her, its ……-s (third-person singular; the pronoun ő (s/he) being optional for emphasis)
      terv (plan)a tervei (his/her/its plans), az ő tervei (his/her plans)
      szék (chair)a székei (his/her/its chairs), az ő székei (his/her chairs)
    2. (with no noun for possessor, formal) your ……-s (second-person singular, grammatically resembling the third person sg.)
      terv (plan)a tervei (your [formal] plans), az ön tervei, a maga tervei (your [formal] plans)
    3. construed with a noun or certain pronouns as the possessor: ……’s ……-s, ……-s of …… (third-person sg. or pl., depending on the noun or pronoun)
      az ember(nek a) terveithe person’s plans
      a gyerek(nek a) székeithe child’s chairs
      az emberek(nek a) terveithe people’s plans
      a gyerekek(nek a) székeithe children’s chairs
      az önök tervei, a maguk terveiyour (plural, formal) plans
      azok(nak a) terveithe plans of those
      ki(k)nek a székei?whose chairs?

Usage notes[edit]

  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -i is added to words ending in a vowel except -i. Final -a changes to -á-; final -e changes to -é-. The latter feature distinguishes it from the -i (adjective-forming suffix), which does not lengthen the preceding -a/-e.
    -ai is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ei is added to some front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -jai is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant or the vowel -i
    -jei is added to some front-vowel words ending in a consonant or the vowel -i
    • If the possessed noun is in the plural and the possessor is expressed in English with a possessive pronoun only (rather than a noun), e.g. “their toys” (as opposed to “the children’s toys”), the -ik/-aik/-eik/-jaik/-jeik suffixes are required in Hungarian.

See also[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin hĕbui / (h)ĕ(bu)i, which stems from classical Latin habuī, first-person singular perfect of habeō. See -erei.

Suffix[edit]

-ei

  1. used with a stem to form the first-person singular past historic of regular -ere verbs

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-eī

  1. inflection of -eus:
    1. nominative/vocative masculine plural
    2. genitive masculine/neuter singular

Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese -ei, from Latin -āvī.

Suffix[edit]

-ei

  1. forms the 1st-person singular preterite indicative of 1st conjugation verbs; appended to the stem
    rezar (to pray) + ‎-ei → ‎rezei (I prayed)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Portuguese -ei, from ei (I have).

Suffix[edit]

-ei

  1. forms the 1st-person singular future indicative of verbs; appended to the infinitive
    rezar (to pray) + ‎-ei → ‎rezarei (I will pray)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Portuguese -ede, from Latin -ite.

Suffix[edit]

-ei

  1. forms the 2nd-person plural affirmative imperative of 2nd conjugation verbs; appended to the stem
    comer (to eat) + ‎-ei → ‎comei (eat (you all))
Related terms[edit]

Romanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -lei (for feminine nouns ending a stressed vowel or diphthong)

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *illaei, merger of Latin illī (dative feminine singular of ille) and -ae (first-declension ending).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ei f

  1. (definite article) the (feminine singular, genitive and dative)

Usage notes[edit]

This form of the definite article is used for feminine nouns in the genitive and dative cases which end in or in an unstressed vowel:

The suffix is also used with feminine singular adjectives in the genitive and dative cases to make the articulated definite form, often for emphasis, and it is used before the noun it modifies:

Related terms[edit]

  • -l (masculine/neuter singular nominative and accusative)
  • -a (feminine singular nominative and accusative)
  • -i (masculine/neuter plural nominative and accusative)
  • -le (feminine plural nominative and accusative)
  • -lui (masculine/neuter singular genitive and dative)
  • -lor (plural genitive and dative)

See also[edit]