-else

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See also: else and Else

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Danish -ilse, later -ælsæ, from Old Saxon -isli, -islo. Also used to represent the Middle Low German suffix -nisse.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /-əlsə/, [-əlsə]

Suffix[edit]

-else c ‎(singular definite -elsen, plural indefinite -elser, plural definite -elserne)

  1. added to a verb to form a noun for an action or process
  2. the result of, or something related to, such an action or process

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Low German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German -else, from Old Saxon -isli, -islo; from Proto-Germanic *-isliją. Cognate with Dutch -sel, Swedish -else, Old English -else.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /əlsə/, [(ə)lzə]

Suffix[edit]

-else n

  1. Creating, from a verb, a noun which is created by the action of this verb (not necessarily one with which the verb is supposed to be done).
    Backelse ‎(pastry): that which is baked (in a wider sense anything baked like bread and cakes) — from backen ‎(to bake)
    Radelse ‎(riddle): that which is guessed — from raden ‎(to guess); compare German Rätsel, Dutch raadsel, Old English rǣdelse
    Riemelse ‎(rhyme): that which is rhymed — from riemen ‎(to rhyme)

Middle Low German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon -isli, from Proto-Germanic *-isliją.

Suffix[edit]

-else

  1. Creating a noun from a verb, denoting something on which the verb is performed.
    ên backelse
    a backed good; literally 'that which is created by baking'
  2. Creating a noun from a verb, denoting an object which is used to perform the verb.
    ên deckelse
    a cover, a roof, a wrapping; literally 'that which is used to cover'

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon -isli, -islo. Also used to represent the Middle Low German suffix -nisse.

Suffix[edit]

-else

  1. added to a verb to form a noun for an action or process
  2. the result of, or something related to, such an action or process

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A metathetic form of Proto-Germanic *-isliją, from Proto-Germanic *-is-, a noun particle + Proto-Germanic *-lij-, a verbal particle. More at -sian, -lian

Suffix[edit]

-else f

  1. (feminine suffix for inanimate objects) suffix creating nouns from verbs
    rǣdelse ‎(counsel, advise, riddle, enigma)
    myrrelse, mierrelse ‎(an offense, scandal; stumblingblock)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon -isli, -islo. Also used to represent the Middle Low German suffix -nisse.

Suffix[edit]

-else

  1. creating nouns from verbs

Derived terms[edit]