-ero

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: ero, Ero, erő, -erò, and e-rờ

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ero

  1. Denotes a particle of something.
    greno (grain) + ‎-ero → ‎grenero (seed of grain)
    sablo (sand) + ‎-ero → ‎sablero (grain of sand)

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

-ra +‎ -i, with i triggering labialization of the preceding vowel and later being lost. The e is re-extracted. Compare synonymous -elo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ero (front vowel harmony variant -erö)

  1. Forms certain descriptive or diminutive nouns.
    koppi + ‎-ero → ‎koppero
  2. Forms certain pejorative nouns.
    mulkku + ‎-ero → ‎mulkero
    nynny + ‎-ero → ‎nynnerö

Usage notes[edit]

A similar element is to be found at the end of multiple words without an obvious root – some of them dimimutive or descriptive nouns (napero, tötterö), others pejorative (punkero), and some adjectives (tökerö).

Declension[edit]

Inflection of -ero (Kotus type 2/palvelu, no gradation)
nominative -ero -erot
genitive -eron -erojen
-eroiden
-eroitten
partitive -eroa -eroja
-eroita
illative -eroon -eroihin
singular plural
nominative -ero -erot
accusative nom. -ero -erot
gen. -eron
genitive -eron -erojen
-eroiden
-eroitten
partitive -eroa -eroja
-eroita
inessive -erossa -eroissa
elative -erosta -eroista
illative -eroon -eroihin
adessive -erolla -eroilla
ablative -erolta -eroilta
allative -erolle -eroille
essive -erona -eroina
translative -eroksi -eroiksi
instructive -eroin
abessive -erotta -eroitta
comitative -eroineen
Possessive forms of -ero (type palvelu)
possessor singular plural
1st person -eroni -eromme
2nd person -erosi -eronne
3rd person -eronsa

Derived terms[edit]


Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English -erFrench -eurGerman -erRussian -ер (-er).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ero

  1. suffix denoting a person occupied in a customary though not professional activity or occupation
    boxar (to box) + ‎-ero → ‎boxero ((amateur) boxer)
  2. suffix denoting an animal or other thing with a characteristic action
    rodar (to gnaw) + ‎-ero → ‎rodero (rodent)
    krozar (to cruise) + ‎-ero → ‎krozero (cruiser)
    (neologism)komputar (to compute) + ‎-ero → ‎komputero (computer)

Derived terms[edit]


Michoacán Nahuatl[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish -ero.

Suffix[edit]

-ero

  1. Suffix that forms nouns and adjectives from nouns.

Derived terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ārius, -ārium, with metathesis of "i" (through a Vulgar Latin form *-airu). Compare Portuguese -eiro. Doublet of the borrowed suffix -ario.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ero m (plural -eros, feminine -era, feminine plural -eras)

  1. forms occupations and other agent nouns from nouns
    vaca (cow) + ‎-ero → ‎vaquero (cowboy)
    gaita (bagpipes) + ‎-ero → ‎gaitero (bagpiper)
  2. forms objects designed for use with another object
    llave (key) + ‎-ero → ‎llavero (key ring)
    moneda (coin) + ‎-ero → ‎monedero (purse)
  3. forms tree names from their fruit
    albaricoque (apricot) + ‎-ero → ‎albaricoquero (apricot tree)
    coco (coconut) + ‎-ero → ‎cocotero (coconut tree)
  4. forms places where collections can be found
    hormiga (ant) + ‎-ero → ‎hormiguero (anthill)
    estiércol (manure) + ‎-ero → ‎estercolero (dung heap)
    refrán (saying, proverb) + ‎-ero → ‎refranero (collection of proverbs)

Suffix[edit]

-ero (feminine -era, masculine plural -eros, feminine plural -eras)

  1. forms adjective from nouns denoting the qualities of the noun
    casa (house) + ‎-ero → ‎casero (homely)
    calle (street) + ‎-ero → ‎callejero (street (relational))
    traición (betrayal) + ‎-ero → ‎traicionero (treacherous)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish -ero.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: e‧ro
  • IPA(key): /ˈʔeɾo/

Suffix[edit]

-ero (feminine counterpart -era)

  1. forms occupations and other agent nouns from nouns
    babae (woman) + ‎-ero → ‎babaero (womanizer)
    gitara (guitar) + ‎-ero → ‎gitarero (guitarist)
    musika (music) + ‎-ero → ‎musikero (musician)
    sabong (cockfight) + ‎-ero → ‎sabongero (cockfighter)
    salamangka (magic) + ‎-ero → ‎salamangkero (magician)
    tambol (drum) + ‎-ero → ‎tambolero (drummer)
    tinda (goods for sale) + ‎-ero → ‎tindero (vendor)
    tubo (pipe) + ‎-ero → ‎tubero (plumber)

Derived terms[edit]