-ero

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Basque[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shift from oro (every, all).[1]

Suffix[edit]

-ero

  1. Used to form adverbs from nouns of time; every, each
    gau (night) + ‎-ero → ‎gauero (every night)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ oro” in Etymological Dictionary of Basque by R. L. Trask, sussex.ac.uk

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from French -aire; however, compare Ancient Greek μέρος (méros, part, component).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ero

  1. Denotes a particle of something.
    greno (grain) + ‎-ero → ‎grenero (seed of grain)
    sablo (sand) + ‎-ero → ‎sablero (grain of sand)

Derived terms[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

-ra +‎ -i, with i triggering labialization of the preceding vowel and later being lost. The e is re-extracted. Compare synonymous -(e)lo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ero (front vowel harmony variant -erö, linguistic notation -erO)

  1. Forms certain sound-symbolic or diminutive nouns.
    koppi + ‎-ero → ‎koppero
  2. Forms certain pejorative nouns.
    mulkku + ‎-ero → ‎mulkero
    nynny + ‎-ero → ‎nynnerö

Usage notes[edit]

A similar element is to be found at the end of multiple words without an obvious root – some of them diminutive or descriptive nouns (napero, tötterö), others pejorative (punkero), and some adjectives (tökerö).

Declension[edit]

Inflection of -ero (Kotus type 2/palvelu, no gradation)
nominative -ero -erot
genitive -eron -erojen
-eroiden
-eroitten
partitive -eroa -eroja
-eroita
illative -eroon -eroihin
singular plural
nominative -ero -erot
accusative nom. -ero -erot
gen. -eron
genitive -eron -erojen
-eroiden
-eroitten
partitive -eroa -eroja
-eroita
inessive -erossa -eroissa
elative -erosta -eroista
illative -eroon -eroihin
adessive -erolla -eroilla
ablative -erolta -eroilta
allative -erolle -eroille
essive -erona -eroina
translative -eroksi -eroiksi
abessive -erotta -eroitta
instructive -eroin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of -ero (Kotus type 2/palvelu, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative -eroni -eroni
accusative nom. -eroni -eroni
gen. -eroni
genitive -eroni -erojeni
-eroideni
-eroitteni
partitive -eroani -erojani
-eroitani
inessive -erossani -eroissani
elative -erostani -eroistani
illative -erooni -eroihini
adessive -erollani -eroillani
ablative -eroltani -eroiltani
allative -erolleni -eroilleni
essive -eronani -eroinani
translative -erokseni -eroikseni
abessive -erottani -eroittani
instructive
comitative -eroineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative -erosi -erosi
accusative nom. -erosi -erosi
gen. -erosi
genitive -erosi -erojesi
-eroidesi
-eroittesi
partitive -eroasi -erojasi
-eroitasi
inessive -erossasi -eroissasi
elative -erostasi -eroistasi
illative -eroosi -eroihisi
adessive -erollasi -eroillasi
ablative -eroltasi -eroiltasi
allative -erollesi -eroillesi
essive -eronasi -eroinasi
translative -eroksesi -eroiksesi
abessive -erottasi -eroittasi
instructive
comitative -eroinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative -eromme -eromme
accusative nom. -eromme -eromme
gen. -eromme
genitive -eromme -erojemme
-eroidemme
-eroittemme
partitive -eroamme -erojamme
-eroitamme
inessive -erossamme -eroissamme
elative -erostamme -eroistamme
illative -eroomme -eroihimme
adessive -erollamme -eroillamme
ablative -eroltamme -eroiltamme
allative -erollemme -eroillemme
essive -eronamme -eroinamme
translative -eroksemme -eroiksemme
abessive -erottamme -eroittamme
instructive
comitative -eroinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative -eronne -eronne
accusative nom. -eronne -eronne
gen. -eronne
genitive -eronne -erojenne
-eroidenne
-eroittenne
partitive -eroanne -erojanne
-eroitanne
inessive -erossanne -eroissanne
elative -erostanne -eroistanne
illative -eroonne -eroihinne
adessive -erollanne -eroillanne
ablative -eroltanne -eroiltanne
allative -erollenne -eroillenne
essive -eronanne -eroinanne
translative -eroksenne -eroiksenne
abessive -erottanne -eroittanne
instructive
comitative -eroinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative -eronsa -eronsa
accusative nom. -eronsa -eronsa
gen. -eronsa
genitive -eronsa -erojensa
-eroidensa
-eroittensa
partitive -eroaan
-eroansa
-erojaan
-eroitaan
-erojansa
-eroitansa
inessive -erossaan
-erossansa
-eroissaan
-eroissansa
elative -erostaan
-erostansa
-eroistaan
-eroistansa
illative -eroonsa -eroihinsa
adessive -erollaan
-erollansa
-eroillaan
-eroillansa
ablative -eroltaan
-eroltansa
-eroiltaan
-eroiltansa
allative -erolleen
-erollensa
-eroilleen
-eroillensa
essive -eronaan
-eronansa
-eroinaan
-eroinansa
translative -erokseen
-eroksensa
-eroikseen
-eroiksensa
abessive -erottaan
-erottansa
-eroittaan
-eroittansa
instructive
comitative -eroineen
-eroinensa

Derived terms[edit]

Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English -erFrench -eurGerman -erRussian -ер (-er).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ero

  1. suffix denoting a person occupied in a customary though not professional activity or occupation
    boxar (to box) + ‎-ero → ‎boxero ((amateur) boxer)
  2. suffix denoting an animal or other thing with a characteristic action
    rodar (to gnaw) + ‎-ero → ‎rodero (rodent)
    krozar (to cruise) + ‎-ero → ‎krozero (cruiser)
    (neologism)komputar (to compute) + ‎-ero → ‎komputero (computer)

Derived terms[edit]

Interlingua[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English -er, French -ier, Portuguese -eiro/Spanish -ero, all ultimately from Latin -ārius or -ārium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

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-ero

  1. forms nouns from nouns, denoting a professional occupation; -er, -eer
    Synonyms: -ario, -ista
    barba (beard) + ‎-ero → ‎barbero (barber)
    banca (bank) + ‎-ero → ‎banchero (banker)
    ambulantia (ambulance) + ‎-era → ‎ambulantiera (ambulance driver)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The suffix -ario also indicates a professional and parallel forms with either suffix are often possible. The somewhat synonymous suffix -ista indicates preoccupation with a system, science, art etc.
  • This suffix is male, the coordinate female suffix being -era.
  • The corresponding adjectival suffix is often -ari.

Derived terms[edit]

Category Interlingua terms suffixed with -ero not found

References[edit]

Michoacán Nahuatl[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish -ero.

Suffix[edit]

-ero

  1. Suffix that forms nouns and adjectives from nouns.

Derived terms[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Latin -ārius via */arju/ > */ajru/. Compare Portuguese -eiro. Doublet of the borrowed suffix -ario.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈeɾo/ [ˈe.ɾo]
  • Rhymes: -eɾo
  • Syllabification: -e‧ro

Suffix[edit]

-ero m (noun-forming suffix, plural -eros, feminine -era, feminine plural -eras)

  1. forms occupations and other agent nouns from nouns
    vaca (cow) + ‎-ero → ‎vaquero (cowboy)
    gaita (bagpipes) + ‎-ero → ‎gaitero (bagpiper)
  2. forms objects designed for use with another object
    llave (key) + ‎-ero → ‎llavero (key ring)
    moneda (coin) + ‎-ero → ‎monedero (purse)
  3. forms tree names from their fruit
    albaricoque (apricot) + ‎-ero → ‎albaricoquero (apricot tree)
    coco (coconut) + ‎-ero → ‎cocotero (coconut tree)
  4. forms places where collections can be found
    hormiga (ant) + ‎-ero → ‎hormiguero (anthill)
    estiércol (manure) + ‎-ero → ‎estercolero (dung heap)
    refrán (saying, proverb) + ‎-ero → ‎refranero (collection of proverbs)

Suffix[edit]

-ero (adjective-forming suffix, feminine -era, masculine plural -eros, feminine plural -eras)

  1. forms adjective from nouns denoting the qualities of the noun
    casa (house) + ‎-ero → ‎casero (homely)
    calle (street) + ‎-ero → ‎callejero (street (relational))
    traición (betrayal) + ‎-ero → ‎traicionero (treacherous)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish -ero.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: -e‧ro
  • IPA(key): /ˈeɾo/, [ˈɛ.ɾo]

Suffix[edit]

-ero (noun-forming suffix, feminine -era, Baybayin spelling ᜒᜇᜓ)

  1. forms occupations and other agent nouns from nouns
    babae (woman) + ‎-ero → ‎babaero (womanizer)
    gitara (guitar) + ‎-ero → ‎gitarero (guitarist)
    musika (music) + ‎-ero → ‎musikero (musician)
    sabong (cockfight) + ‎-ero → ‎sabongero (cockfighter)
    salamangka (magic) + ‎-ero → ‎salamangkero (magician)
    tambol (drum) + ‎-ero → ‎tambolero (drummer)
    tinda (goods for sale) + ‎-ero → ‎tindero (vendor)
    tubo (pipe) + ‎-ero → ‎tubero (plumber)

Derived terms[edit]