-esco

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See also: esco and escó

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin, Vulgar Latin -iscum, accusative singular of -iscus.[1] Cognates: see Proto-Germanic *-iskaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-esco

  1. Forms adjectives (sometimes used as nouns) that indicate relationship, membership, quality.
    Dante (the poet Dante Alighieri) + ‎-esco → ‎dantesco (Dantesque)

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • French: -esque

References[edit]

  1. ^ “-esco” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, →ISBN

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From -eō +‎ -scō.

Suffix[edit]

-ēscō (present infinitive -ēscere); third conjugation, no perfect or supine stem

  1. Forms verbs from adjectives meaning "become (adjective)".

Usage notes[edit]

Many verbs ending in -ēscō are inchoatives in -scō formed from statives in -eō. However, some verbs exist that are derived directly from the adjective, with no "intermediate" stative verb existing, e.g.:

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation varies with verb; only first principal part shown here for illustration.

   Conjugation of -ēscō (third conjugation, no supine stem, no perfect stem)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -ēscō -ēscis -ēscit -ēscimus -ēscitis -ēscunt
imperfect -ēscēbam -ēscēbās -ēscēbat -ēscēbāmus -ēscēbātis -ēscēbant
future -ēscam -ēscēs -ēscet -ēscēmus -ēscētis -ēscent
passive present -ēscor -ēsceris, -ēscere -ēscitur -ēscimur -ēsciminī -ēscuntur
imperfect -ēscēbar -ēscēbāris, -ēscēbāre -ēscēbātur -ēscēbāmur -ēscēbāminī -ēscēbantur
future -ēscar -ēscēris, -ēscēre -ēscētur -ēscēmur -ēscēminī -ēscentur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -ēscam -ēscās -ēscat -ēscāmus -ēscātis -ēscant
imperfect -ēscerem -ēscerēs -ēsceret -ēscerēmus -ēscerētis -ēscerent
passive present -ēscar -ēscāris, -ēscāre -ēscātur -ēscāmur -ēscāminī -ēscantur
imperfect -ēscerer -ēscerēris, -ēscerēre -ēscerētur -ēscerēmur -ēscerēminī -ēscerentur
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -ēsce -ēscite
future -ēscitō -ēscitō -ēscitōte -ēscuntō
passive present -ēscere -ēsciminī
future -ēscitor -ēscitor -ēscuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives -ēscere -ēscī
participles -ēscēns -ēscendus, -ēscundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
-ēscendī -ēscendō -ēscendum -ēscendō

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-esco (feminine counterpart -esca)

  1. Alternative form of -sco