-esco

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See also: esco

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin, Vulgar Latin -iscum, accusative singular of -iscus.[1] Cognates: see Proto-Germanic *-iskaz.

Suffix[edit]

-esco

  1. Forms adjectives (sometimes used as nouns) that indicate relationship, membership, quality. Example: dantesco ‎(Dantesque), from Dante ‎(the poet Dante Alighieri)

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “-esco” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, ISBN 978-88-00-20781-2

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From -eō +‎ -scō.

Suffix[edit]

-ēscō

  1. Forms verbs from adjectives meaning "become (adjective)".

Usage notes[edit]

Many verbs ending in -ēscō are inchoatives in -scō formed from statives in -eō. However, some verbs exist that are derived directly from the adjective, with no "intermediate" stative verb existing, e.g.:

Inflection[edit]

Conjugation varies with verb; only first principal part shown here for illustration.

   Conjugation of -esco (third conjugation, defective)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -ēscō -ēscis -ēscit -ēscimus -ēscitis -ēscunt
imperfect -ēscēbam -ēscēbās -ēscēbat -ēscēbāmus -ēscēbātis -ēscēbant
future -ēscam -ēscēs -ēscet -ēscēmus -ēscētis -ēscent
passive present -ēscor -ēsceris, -ēscere -ēscitur -ēscimur -ēsciminī -ēscuntur
imperfect -ēscēbar -ēscēbāris, -ēscēbāre -ēscēbātur -ēscēbāmur -ēscēbāminī -ēscēbantur
future -ēscar -ēscēris, -ēscēre -ēscētur -ēscēmur -ēscēminī -ēscentur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -ēscam -ēscās -ēscat -ēscāmus -ēscātis -ēscant
imperfect -ēscerem -ēscerēs -ēsceret -ēscerēmus -ēscerētis -ēscerent
passive present -ēscar -ēscāris, -ēscāre -ēscātur -ēscāmur -ēscāminī -ēscantur
imperfect -ēscerer -ēscerēris, -ēscerēre -ēscerētur -ēscerēmur -ēscerēminī -ēscerentur
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -ēsce -ēscite
future -ēscitō -ēscitō -ēscitōte -ēscuntō
passive present -ēscere -ēsciminī
future -ēscitor -ēscitor -ēscuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives -ēscere -ēscī
participles -ēscēns -ēscendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
-ēscere -ēscendī -ēscendō -ēscendum

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-esco ‎(feminine counterpart -esca)

  1. Alternative form of -sco