-il

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Azerbaijani[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -ıl (attached to stems containing 'a' or 'ı')
  • -ul (attached to stems containing 'o' or 'u')
  • -ül (attached to stems containing 'ü' and 'ö')

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-il

  1. Suffix appended to transitive verbs to derive verbs with passive or reflexive meaning. Applies only to verb stems containing 'i', 'ə' and 'e'[1]
    kəsmək (to cut) + ‎-il → ‎kəsilmək (to get cut, to flunk)
    seçmək (to choose) + ‎-il → ‎tutulmaq (to become elected)
    eşitmək (to hear) + ‎-il → ‎eşidilmək (to be heard)

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Širalijev, Mamedaga; Sevortjan, Ervand (1971), “-il”, in Grammatika azerbajdžanskovo jazyka. Fonetika, morfologija i sintaksis. [Grammar of Azerbaijani language. Phonetics, morphology, syntax.], Baku: Elm, pages 106-108

Northern Sami[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Samic *-jēlē.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Suffix[edit]

-il

  1. Forms adjectives from verbs, indicating an inclination or tendency to perform the verb's action.
    sodjat (to bend) + ‎-il → ‎soddjil (tending to bend, flexible)

Usage notes[edit]

This suffix triggers the strongest grade on a preceding stressed syllable.

Inflection[edit]

Odd, no gradation
Attributive -ilis
Nominative -il
Genitive -ila
Attributive -ilis
Singular Plural
Nominative -il -ilat
Accusative -ila -iliid
Genitive -ila -iliid
Illative -ilii -iliidda
Locative -ilis -iliin
Comitative -iliin -iliiguin
Essive -ilin

Derived terms[edit]



Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -īlis.

Suffix[edit]

-il

  1. -ile (tending to or capable of)

Derived terms[edit]



Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -īlis.

Suffix[edit]

-il m, f

  1. -ile (indicating relation or pertaining to)

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-il

  1. Used to form diminutive nouns

Derived terms[edit]