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See also: isms
Not a native Latvian suffix, -isms occurred in many borrowings and is now fully integrated. Ultimately from either Ancient Greek -ισμός (-ismós) or Ancient Greek -ισμα (-isma), like its English cognate -ism (see etymology of -ism).
- Added to nouns to form masculine nouns denoting action/process, systems, philosophies, principles, doctrines, ideologies, syndromes, peculiarities, or class names in general, just like its English cognate -ism.