-né

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Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-né n

  1. forms nouns referring to fees or charges relating to the base word
    jízda + ‎-né → ‎jízdné

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • -né in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [neː]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -neː

Etymology 1[edit]

From the earlier variant of (woman) or of its possessive form neje (wife of).[1]

Suffix[edit]

-né

  1. Mrs, wife of (suffix indicating marriage)
    KovácsMrs. Kovács
    király (king)király (queen consort)
Usage notes[edit]
  • Final a changes to á:
Kovács Béla → Kovács Béláné (Mrs. Béla Kovács)
  • Final e changes to é:
Kovács Endre → Kovács Endréné (Mrs. Endre Kovács)
  • If the name ends in double -n, it requires a hyphen:
Mann-néMrs. Mann
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-né

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the third-person singular present tense of verbs (conditional mood, definite conjugation).
    kér (to ask, to request)Nem kérné, ha nem volna szüksége rá. ― He would not request it if he did not need it.
Usage notes[edit]
  • (personal suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -ná is added to most back vowel verbs
    vár (to wait, to expect)Az ember azt várná egy gyerektől, hogy tanuljon. ― One would expect from a child to study.
    -né is added to most front vowel verbs
    kér (to ask, to request)Nem kérné, ha nem volna szüksége rá. ― He would not request it if he did not need it.
    -aná is added to back vowel verbs ending in two consonants or in a long vowel + t (exceptions áll, száll, varr, forr, lát)
    mond (to say something)Nem mondaná, ha nem lenne igaz. ― She would not say it if it weren't true.
    tanít (to teach)Ki tanítaná ott őt angolra? ― Who would teach him there English?
    -ené is added to front vowel verbs ending in two consonants or in a long vowel + t
    fest (to paint)Péter milyen színűre festené ezt a szobát? ― What color would Péter paint this room?
    segít (to help) → A város hogyan segítené őket? ― How would the city help them?

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ -né in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)