-ne

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Chuukese[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ne

  1. (added to tense adverbs suffixed with -pwe) quickly, soon

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse -na, compare Swedish -na

Suffix[edit]

-ne

  1. Used with some adjectives to form inchoative verbs meaning "to become [adjective]".
    gul (yellow) + ‎-ne → ‎gulne (become yellow)
  2. From adjectives, forms causative verbs meaning "to make [adjective]".

Derived terms[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *-inen. Cognate with Finnish -inen.

Suffix[edit]

-ne (genitive -se, partitive -set or -st)

  1. -al, -ic, -ous; creates adjectives from nouns indicating a relationship or property.
  2. -en; creates adjectives indicating the material of which something is made.

Inflection[edit]

Note that words with suffix -line decline differently.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Finnish[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *-nek.

Suffix[edit]

-ne

  1. The suffix used to form the comitative case. It denotes companionship and ownership, and is written where English would use "together with (one's possession)".
    Menin ruskeine koirineni.
    I went together with my brown dog.
    Tiibet on mielenkiintoinen maa suurine vuorineen.
    Tibet is a fascinating land, together with its great mountains.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Relatively rare in spoken Finnish. The idea of comitative is more often expressed with other structures, particularly the postposition kanssa (together with).
  • Grammatically comitative is always plural, even if used of a singular object.
  • In nouns the suffix -ne is appended with the appropriate possessive suffix. In Wiktionary the declension tables of Finnish nouns show the comitative with the 3rd person suffix -en to form -neen.

Anagrams[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ne

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the third-person singular present tense of verbs (conditional mood, indefinite conjugation).
    kér (to ask)kérne (he/she would ask)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (personal suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -na is added to most back vowel verbs
    vár (to wait)várna (he/she would wait)
    -ne is added to most front vowel verbs
    kér (to ask)kérne (he/she would ask)
    -ana is added to back vowel verbs ending in two consonants or in a long vowel + t (exceptions áll, száll, varr, forr, lát)
    mond (to say something)mondana (he/she would say something)
    tanít (to teach)tanítana (he/she would teach)
    -ene is added to front vowel verbs ending in two consonants or in a long vowel + t
    fest (to paint)festene (he/she would paint)
    segít (to help)segítene (he/she would help)

See also[edit]


Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -e (used after -nn in pronouns)
  • -na (used after velarized consonants and back vowels)

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ne

  1. emphatic suffix of the first-person plural; used after palatalized consonants and front vowels

Usage notes[edit]

Spelled with a hyphen after n, otherwise without a hyphen (but reduced to -e and spelled without a hyphen after -nn in pronouns).

  • Added to nouns (or adjectives modifying a noun) in the presence of the possessive adjective to emphasize the possessor rather than the thing possessed:
    ár n-athairneour father
    ár gcapall donn-naour brown horse
  • Added to pronouns (both simple and prepositional) to add emphasis (not to create a reflexive pronoun):
    againneat us
    sinne, muidnewe, us
  • Added to synthetic verb forms to add emphasis to the subject:
    cloisfimidnewe will hear
    chualamarnawe heard

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ne (not).

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

-ne (interrogative enclitic)

  1. Added to the end of a word in a phrase (usually the first word) to make it a question.
    Nihilne in mentem?
    Does nothing suggest itself to your mind?
    Ah, pergisne?
    Ah, at it again?
    Quid tandem te impedit? Mosne maiorum?
    What hinders you? The customs of the ancestors?
    Potesne mihi succurrere, quaeso?
    Can you help me, please?
  2. or(introduces a question or an alternative)

Usage notes[edit]

  • A question requiring an answer of "yes" or "no" is formed by adding -ne to the emphatic word:
    Is tibi mortemne vidētur aut dolōrem timēre?
    Does it seem to you to be death that he fears or pain?
    Hīcine vir usquam nisi in patriā moriētur?
    Shall this man die anywhere but in his native land?
    ne id veritus es?
    Did you fear that?
  • The enclitic -ne is sometimes omitted.
    Patēre tua cōnsilia nōn sentīs?
    Do you not see that your schemes are manifest?
  • When -ne is added to a negative word (such as nōnne) an affirmative answer is expected.
    Nōnne animadvertis?
    Aren't you paying attention?

Descendants[edit]

  • Sicilian: -ni (enclytic euphonetic particle)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ne

  1. A variant of -tne; added to adjectives or verbs to form abstract nouns.

Derived terms[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *-inyos.[1][2] Cognate with Welsh -yn and -en, Cornish -en, and Breton -enn.

Suffix[edit]

-ne

  1. Forms singulatives of certain plural nouns.
    grán (grain) + ‎-ne → ‎gráinne (a grain)
    folt (hair) + ‎-ne → ‎foiltne (a hair)
    froích (heather) + ‎-ne → ‎froíchne (a heather bush)
  2. Forms abstract derivations of certain nouns
    sreng (string, cord) + ‎-ne → ‎sringne (umbilical cord)
  3. Diminutive suffix
    orc (piglet) + ‎-ne → ‎oircne (little piglet)

Usage notes[edit]

This suffix appears to only have been weakly productive for producing singulatives in Old Irish. There are several instances of words suffixed with -ne that are additionally prefixed with óen (one), suggesting that the suffix was sometimes considered insufficient to denote singulativity by itself.[2] Beyond Old Irish the suffix is only found in fossilized forms.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schrijver, Peter C. H. (1995) Studies in British Celtic historical phonology (Leiden studies in Indo-European; 5), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 260
  2. 2.0 2.1 Irslinger, Britta (2010) , “Les dérivés gallois, cornique -yn/-en, breton -enn et irlandais -ne: fonction et sémantique”, in La Bretagne Linguistique[1], page 57-58

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ne

  1. -selves (emphatic)

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ne

  1. (archaic) Marker of definiteness on masculine nouns in the plural
    platser (from plats (place)); platserne, places; the places
    Synonym: -na (modern, feminine)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The difference between -ne and -na is that the former was used for masculine nouns, while the latter was used for feminine, a category lost in modern Swedish, which has merged the two genders into the so-called common gender. Thus, the definite of stenar would be "stenarne", while the definite of kvinna would be "kvinnorna", the same as the modern form.

Anagrams[edit]


Taos[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ne

  1. Duoplural number inflection. On nouns in gender III.6, it indicates either collective number or singular noncount (mass) and has corresponding singular agreement marking on verb-forms. (See also: -na, -ną, -nemą.)