-os

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the traditional Ashkenazi pronunciation of Hebrew ־וֹת(-ót), and its Yiddish [Term?] reflex.

Suffix[edit]

-os

  1. Used to form plurals of some Hebrew and Yiddish loanwords, usually ending in -a or -ah.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (forming plurals of Hebrew loanwords): -as, -ahs, -ot, -oth

Derived terms[edit]


Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ōsus.

Suffix[edit]

-os

  1. -ous; used to form adjectives

Derived terms[edit]



Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The Esperanto suffixes -as, -is, -os, -us are related, and appear to have been inspired by previous language projects:

This play of vowels is not an original idea of Zamenhof's: -as, -is, -os are found for the three tenses of the infinitive in Faiguet's system of 1765; -a, -i, -o without a consonant are used like Z's -as, -is, -os by Rudelle (1858); Courtonne in 1885 had -am, -im, -om in the same values, and the similarity with Esperanto is here even more perfect than in the other projects, as -um corresponds to Z's -us.An International Language (1928)

Suffix[edit]

-os

  1. will; ending of future tense in verbs.
    Mi iros al la vendejo.‎ ― I will go to the store.

Finnish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-os ‎(front vowel harmony variant -ös)

  1. Forms nouns denoting the result of the action of a verb.
    liittää(to join)liitos(joining, joint)
    muuntaa(to change, convert)muunnos(conversion)

Usage notes[edit]

Roots with the neutral front vowels e, i take the back-vocalic allomorph -os (e.g. piirtää(to draw)piirros(drawing)). The form -ös is only used when the first syllable of the root contains a front rounded vowel (e.g. näyttää(to show)näytös(act)).

Declension[edit]

Inflection of -os (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative -os -okset
genitive -oksen -osten
-oksien
partitive -osta -oksia
illative -okseen -oksiin
singular plural
nominative -os -okset
accusative nom. -os -okset
gen. -oksen
genitive -oksen -osten
-oksien
partitive -osta -oksia
inessive -oksessa -oksissa
elative -oksesta -oksista
illative -okseen -oksiin
adessive -oksella -oksilla
ablative -okselta -oksilta
allative -okselle -oksille
essive -oksena -oksina
translative -okseksi -oksiksi
instructive -oksin
abessive -oksetta -oksitta
comitative -oksineen

Derived terms[edit]



French[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-os

  1. (slang) Slang ending of nouns, adjectives and adverbs; without changing the meaning.

Derived terms[edit]

Nouns :

Adjectives :

Adverbs :


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-os

  1. (adjective suffix) Added to a noun to form an adjective meaning "having something".
    kar(arm)karos(something with an arm), for example karosszék(armchair, a chair with an arm)
  2. (noun suffix) Added to a noun to form a noun, for example an occupation or a collective noun.
    asztal(table)asztalos(carpenter)
    akác(acacia)akácos(acacia grove)
  3. (number suffix) Added to an ordinal number to form a digit or figure.
    hat(six)hatos(the digit or figure six)
  4. (frequentative suffix) Added to a verb to form a new verb expressing repetitive action. No longer productive in this sense.
    fut(to run)futos(to run back and forth) (dated, modern version futkos)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (all senses) Harmonic variants:
    -s is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -os is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -as is added to other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -es is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ös is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ōs

  1. accusative masculine plural of -us

Portuguese[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-os m pl

  1. plural of -o
    • 2007, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e as Relíquias da Morte (Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows), Rocco, page 308:
      Você notou os cabelos dela, são negros e brilhantes e macios...
      You noticed her hair, it's dark and brilliant and soft...

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ōsus(full (of)).

Suffix[edit]

-os m, n ‎(feminine singular -oasă, masculine plural -oși, feminine and neuter plural -oase)

  1. Forms adjectives; -ous

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]