-sa

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Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -se (used after palatalized consonants and front vowels)

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-sa

  1. emphatic suffix of the following persons; used after velarized consonants and back vowels:
    1. first-person singular
    2. second-person singular
    3. third-person singular feminine
    4. second-person plural

Usage notes[edit]

Spelled with a hyphen after -s, otherwise without a hyphen.

  • Added to nouns (or adjectives modifying a noun) in the presence of the possessive adjective to emphasize the possessor rather than the thing possessed:
    mo chos-samy foot
    do charr deargsayour sg red car
  • Added to pronouns (both simple and prepositional) to add emphasis (not to create a reflexive pronoun):
    aistiseout of her
    sibhseyou pl
  • Added to synthetic verb forms to add emphasis to the subject:
    cloisimseI hear
    chloisteásayou sg used to hear
    chualabhairseyou pl heard

Derived terms[edit]


Related terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

-sa

  1. Rōmaji transcription of

Latin[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-sa

  1. nominative feminine singular of -sus
  2. nominative neuter plural of -sus
  3. accusative neuter plural of -sus
  4. vocative feminine singular of -sus
  5. vocative neuter plural of -sus

Suffix[edit]

-sā

  1. ablative feminine singular of -sus

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-sa

  1. emphatic first-person singular suffix

Usage notes[edit]

Added to nouns to emphasize a first-person singular possessor, to verbs and predicate adjectives to emphasize a first-person singular subject, and to inflected prepositions to emphasize a first-person singular object:

  • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 16d8
    Bíuu-sa oc irbáig dar far cenn-si fri Maccidóndu.
    I (emphatic) am boasting about you to the Macedonians.
  • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 20c25
    Níta chumme-se friusom.
    I (emphatic) am not like them (emphatic).

The alternative form -se is used after slender consonants and front vowels.

Related terms[edit]


Quechua[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-sa

  1. Alternative spelling of -chka

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -se (slender form)

Suffix[edit]

-sa

  1. -self (emphatic)

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


Somali[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-sa

  1. Usually placed at the end of verbs containing questions
    maxa samay-sa? - what do you do?