-telen

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See also: telen and télen

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Proto-Uralic *-tt(privative suffix) + *-l(nominal suffix), then in the Ancient Hungarian era the -n(adverbial suffix) was added.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [tɛlɛn]
  • Hyphenation: te‧len

Suffix[edit]

-telen (comparative -telenebb, superlative leg- -telenebb)

  1. (adjective suffix) -less, un-, dis-. A privative suffix added to a noun or an adjective to form adjectives with a meaning of lacking something.
    szín(color)színtelen(colorless)
    vég(end)végtelen(unlimited)
    jellem(character)jellemtelen(dishonest)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative -telen -telenek
accusative -telent -teleneket
dative -telennek -teleneknek
instrumental -telennel -telenekkel
causal-final -telenért -telenekért
translative -telenné -telenekké
terminative -telenig -telenekig
essive-formal -telenként -telenekként
essive-modal -telenül -telenekül
inessive -telenben -telenekben
superessive -telenen -teleneken
adessive -telennél -teleneknél
illative -telenbe -telenekbe
sublative -telenre -telenekre
allative -telenhez -telenekhez
elative -telenből -telenekből
delative -telenről -telenekről
ablative -telentől -telenektől

Usage notes[edit]

  • (adjective suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -talan is added to back vowel words
    -telen is added to front vowel words
    -tlan is added to back vowel words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    -tlen is added to front vowel words ending in a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -atlan is added to back vowel words
    -etlen is added to front vowel words
  • Using two different suffix variants with the same stem may result in different meanings:
    gond(care)gondtalan(carefree)
    gond(care)gondatlan(careless)

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gábor Zaicz, Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete, Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, ISBN 963 7094 01 6