-vi

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Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *-pi, probably from Proto-Uralic [Term?]. Compare Estonian -b.

Suffix[edit]

-vi

  1. An archaic/poetic variant of the standard third-person present.
    • 1888, John Martin Crawford, [1]:
      Mieleni minun tekevi, aivoni ajattelevi, lähteäni laulamahan, saa'ani sanelemahan, sukuvirttä suoltamahan, lajivirttä laulamahan.
      Mastered by desire impulsive, by a mighty inward urging, I am ready now for singing, ready to begin the chanting.

Italian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

-vi

  1. enclitic form of vi; appended to present active infinitive verb forms to derive reflexive, accusative and dative forms when the object is second plural person
    dare (to give)darvi (to give yourselves; to give you; to give for you)
    vendere (to sell)vendervi (to sell yourselves; to sell you; to sell to you)
    servire (to serve)servirvi (to serve yourselves; to serve you; to serve to you)

Usage notes[edit]

The final -e of the original infinitive is removed :

-are-arvi
-ere-ervi
-ire-irvi

Where the verb ends in -rre, the final re is removed, leaving behind just an -r:

introdurre (to introduce)introdurvi (to introduce yourselves; to introduce you; to insert in you)

In any case, after the suffixation, there is only a single r and no vowels immediately before -vi.


Latin[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-vī

  1. nominative masculine plural of -vus
  2. genitive masculine singular of -vus
  3. genitive neuter singular of -vus
  4. vocative masculine plural of -vus