hang: difference between revisions

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(Noun)
(fmt; corrected and completed pron; cleaned up; subdivided "cause to hang" senses; syns; cats; checked fr trans and added more; more senses; more rel)
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==English==
 
==English==
  +
===Etymology 1===
  +
A fusion of Old English ''[[hon]]'' (transitive, class VII strong verb; past tense ''[[heng]]'', past participle ''[[hangen]]''), to suspend, and Old English ''[[hangian]]'' [weak, intransitive, past tense ''[[hangode]]''], to be suspended
   
===Etymology 1===
 
A fusion of Old English ''[[hon]]'' [transitive, class VII strong verb; past tense ''[[heng]]'', past participle ''[[hangen]]''] (to suspend), and Old English ''[[hangian]]'' [weak, intransitive, past tense ''[[hangode]]''] (to be suspended).
 
 
===Pronunciation===
 
===Pronunciation===
*[[w:IPA|IPA]]: /hæɳ/
+
*hăng, /hæŋ/, /<tt>h{N</tt>/
   
 
===Verb===
 
===Verb===
 
[[Category:English irregular verbs]]
 
[[Category:English irregular verbs]]
{{en-verb2|'''to hang'''|'''[[hangs]]'''|'''[[hung]] '''or''' [[hanged]]'''|'''[[hung]] '''or''' [[hanged]]'''|'''[[hanging]]'''}}
+
{{en-verb2|'''to hang'''|'''[[hangs]]'''|'''[[hung]] '''or''' [[hanged]]''' (''see Usage notes'')|'''[[hung]] '''or''' [[hanged]]''' (''see Usage notes'')|'''[[hanging]]'''}}
   
#''(intransitive)'' To be or remain [[suspend]]ed
+
#{{intransitive}} To be or remain [[suspend]]ed
#: ''The lights hung from the ceiling.''
+
#:''The lights hung from the ceiling.''
#: ''The smoke hung in the air.''
+
#{{intransitive}} To float, as if suspended.
#''(intransitive)'' To be [[executed]] by [[suspension]] by one's neck from a [[gallows]], a [[tree]], or other raised bar, attached by a [[rope]] tied into a [[noose]]
+
#:''The smoke hung in the room.''
  +
#{{intransitive}} To be [[executed]] by [[suspension]] by one's neck from a [[gallows]], a [[tree]], or other raised bar, attached by a [[rope]] tied into a [[noose]]
 
#: ''You will hang for this, my friend.''
 
#: ''You will hang for this, my friend.''
#''(intransitive)'' (''colloquial'') To spend time with, doing nothing in particular (more often ''[[to hang out with]]'')
+
#{{intransitive}} {{informal}} To [[loiter]], [[hang around]], to spend time idly.
#: ''Are you busy, or can you hang with me?''
+
#:''Are you busy, or can you hang with me?''
#''(intransitive)'' (''colloquial'') To [[loiter]], [[hang about]].
+
#:''I didn't see anything, officer. I was just hanging.''
#: ''I didn't see anything, officer. I was just hanging.''
+
#{{intransitive}} {{chess}} to be vulnerable to capture.
#''(intransitive)'' (''chess'') to be vulnerable to capture.
 
 
#:''In this standard opening position White has to be careful because the pawn on e4 hangs.''
 
#:''In this standard opening position White has to be careful because the pawn on e4 hangs.''
#''(intransitive)'' (''computers'') to have stopped responding to manual input devices such as keyboard or mouse
+
#{{intransitive}} {{computing}} to stop responding to manual input devices such as keyboard or mouse
#:''The computer '''hangs''' again. Not even pressing <nowiki><Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Del></nowiki> works.''
+
#:''The computer has '''hung''' again. Not even pressing <nowiki><Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Del></nowiki> works.''
 
#:''When I push this button the program hangs.''
 
#:''When I push this button the program hangs.''
#''(transitive)'' to cause (something) to hang
+
#{{transitive}} to cause (something) to be suspended
#: ''Hang those lights from the ceiling.''
+
#:''Hang those lights from the ceiling.''
#: ''The program has a bug that can hang the system.''
+
#{{transitive}} to place on a hook
#: ''The culprits were hanged from the nearest tree.''
+
#{{transitive}} to exhibit (a painting)
#: ''If you move there, you'll hang your queen rook.''
+
#{{transitive}} to apply (wallpaper to a wall)
# To hold or bear in a suspended or inclined manner or position instead of erect; to droop.
+
#{{transitive}} to decorate (something) with hanging objects
#: ''He ''hung'' his head in shame.''
+
#{{transitive}} {{computing}} to cause (a program or computer) to stop responding
  +
#:''The program has a bug that can hang the system.''
  +
#:{{transitive}} to execute (someone) by suspension from the neck
  +
#:''The culprits were hanged from the nearest tree.''
  +
#:{{transitive}} {{chess}} to cause (a piece) to become vulnerable to capture
  +
#:''If you move there, you'll hang your queen rook.''
  +
#To hold or bear in a suspended or inclined manner or position instead of erect
  +
#:''He ''hung'' his head in shame.''
   
===Noun===
+
====Synonyms====
#The way in which something hangs
+
*(''be or remain suspended''): be [[suspend]]ed, [[dangle]]
#:''This skirt has a nice hang''
+
*(''float as if suspended''): [[float]], [[hover]]
#''(Computing)'' An occurrence of hanging
+
*(''be executed''): go to the [[gallows]], [[swing]] (''informal'')
#:''We sometimes get system hangs''
+
*(''loiter''): [[hang about]], [[hang around]], [[loiter]]
  +
*(''in chess: be vulnerable to capture''):
  +
*(''computing: stop responding''): [[freeze]], [[lock up]]
  +
*(''cause (something) to be suspended''): [[suspend]]
  +
*(''to place on a hook''): [[hook]], [[hook up]]
  +
*(''exhibit''): [[exhibit]], [[show]]
  +
*(''apply (wallpaper to a wall)''): [[put up]]
  +
*(''decorate (something) with hanging objects''): [[bedeck]], [[deck]], [[decorate]]
  +
*(''computing: cause (a program or computer) to stop responding''): [[lock up]]
  +
*(''execute (someone) by suspension from the neck''):
  +
*(''in chess: cause to become vulnerable to capture''):
  +
*(''hold or bear in a suspended or inclined manner or position instead of erect''): [[drop]], [[lower]]
   
 
====Usage notes====
 
====Usage notes====
Strictly, the past tense of ''hang'' is ''[[hanged]]'' when meaning "to suspend from the neck until dead" and ''[[hung]]'' for all other meanings. However, this rule is not uniformly understood or observed; ''hung'' is sometimes substituted for ''hanged'' or, more rarely, vice versa. Also see etymology at top of page.
+
*Strictly, the past tense of ''hang'' is ''[[hanged]]'' in the sense of "to be executed by suspension from the neck" and "to execute by suspension from the neck" and ''[[hung]]'' for all other meanings. However, this rule is not uniformly understood or observed; ''hung'' is sometimes substituted for ''hanged'' or, more rarely, ''vice versa''. See also the etymology at top of this page.
   
 
====Related terms====
 
====Related terms====
  +
{{top2}}
 
*[[hang a left]]
 
*[[hang a left]]
 
*[[hang a right]]
 
*[[hang a right]]
 
*[[hang about]]
 
*[[hang about]]
 
*[[hang around]]
 
*[[hang around]]
  +
*[[hangdog]]
  +
*[[hang, draw and quarter]]
  +
*[[hang fire]]
  +
*[[hang-glider]]
 
*[[hang in]]
 
*[[hang in]]
*[[hang loose]]
 
*[[hang out]]
 
*[[hang ten]]
 
*[[hang up]]
 
 
*[[hanging]]
 
*[[hanging]]
*[[hangman]]
+
*[[hang it]]
*[[hangout]]
+
{{mid2}}
  +
*[[hangnail]]
  +
*[[hang on]]
  +
*[[hang out]]<!--verb-->
  +
*[[hang-out]], [[hangout]]<!--noun-->
 
*[[hangover]]
 
*[[hangover]]
*[[hangup]]
+
*[[hang ten]]
  +
*[[hang together]]
  +
*[[hang up]]<!--verb-->
  +
*[[hang-up]], [[hangup]]<!--noun-->
  +
*[[I'll be hanged]]
 
*[[overhang]]
 
*[[overhang]]
  +
{{bottom}}
   
 
====Translations====
 
====Translations====
;To be or remain suspended (1)
+
'''be or remain suspended'''
 
{{top}}
 
{{top}}
 
*Finnish: [[riippua]], [[roikkua]]
 
*Finnish: [[riippua]], [[roikkua]]
  +
*French: [[pendre]], être [[suspendu]]
 
*German: [[hängen]]
 
*German: [[hängen]]
 
*Italian: [[pendere]]
 
*Italian: [[pendere]]
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{{bottom}}
 
{{bottom}}
   
;To be executed (2)
+
'''float as if suspended'''
  +
{{top}}
  +
*French: [[peser]], [[planer#French|planer]]
  +
{{mid}}
  +
{{bottom}}
  +
  +
'''be executed'''
 
{{top}}
 
{{top}}
 
*Finnish: [[hirttää]]
 
*Finnish: [[hirttää]]
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{{bottom}}
 
{{bottom}}
   
;to execute someone by dropping him with his head through a noose (3)
+
'''informal: loiter'''
{{top}}
+
<!--Add INFORMAL or SLANG terms to this table, where these exist-->
*German: [[abhängen]] (3 ''slang'')
 
*Portuguese: [[enforcar]]
 
{{mid}}
 
*Telugu: [[ఉరితీయు]] (uriteeyu)
 
{{bottom}}
 
 
;To spend time with, doing nothing in particular (4)
 
 
{{top}}
 
{{top}}
  +
*French: [[rôder]], [[traîner]], [[errer]]
 
*Finnish: [[roikkua]] (''slang''), [[hengailla]] (''slang'')
 
*Finnish: [[roikkua]] (''slang''), [[hengailla]] (''slang'')
 
{{mid}}
 
{{mid}}
*German: [[herumhängen]] (4 ''slang'')
 
{{bottom}}
 
 
;To loiter, hang about (5)
 
{{top}}
 
*Finnish: [[roikkua]] (''slang''), [[hengailla]] (''slang'')
 
 
{{mid}}
 
{{mid}}
*German: [[hängen]]
+
*German: [[herumhängen]] (''slang'')
 
{{bottom}}
 
{{bottom}}
   
;(''chess'') to be vulnerable to capture (6)
+
'''chess: be vulnerable to capture'''
 
{{top}}
 
{{top}}
 
*German: [[hängen]]
 
*German: [[hängen]]
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{{bottom}}
 
{{bottom}}
   
;(''computers'') to have stopped responding to manual input devices (7)
+
'''computing: stop responding'''
 
{{top}}
 
{{top}}
*Finnish: [[kaatua]]
 
 
{{mid}}
 
{{mid}}
*German: [[hängen]]
 
 
{{bottom}}
 
{{bottom}}
   
;to suspend (8)
+
'''cause (something) to be suspended'''
 
{{top}}
 
{{top}}
  +
*French: [[pendre]], [[suspendre]], [[laisser pendre]]
 
*Finnish: [[ripustaa]], [[asettaa]] [[roikkua|roikkumaan]]
 
*Finnish: [[ripustaa]], [[asettaa]] [[roikkua|roikkumaan]]
 
*German: [[hängen]], [[henken]]
 
*German: [[hängen]], [[henken]]
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*Portuguese: [[pendurar]]
 
*Portuguese: [[pendurar]]
 
*Korean: [[걸다]] geolda
 
*Korean: [[걸다]] geolda
*Telugu: [[వేలాడదీయు]] (valaaDadeeyu)
+
*[[Telugu]]: [[వేలాడదీయు]] (valaaDadeeyu)
 
{{bottom}}
 
{{bottom}}
   
;(''chess'') To make vulnerable to capture (9)
+
'''place on a hook'''
 
{{top}}
 
{{top}}
  +
*French: [[accrocher]]
  +
{{mid}}
  +
{{bottom}}
  +
  +
'''exhibit (a painting)'''
  +
{{top}}
  +
*French: [[exposer]]
  +
{{mid}}
  +
{{bottom}}
  +
  +
'''apply (wallpaper to a wall)'''
  +
{{top}}
  +
{{mid}}
  +
{{bottom}}
  +
  +
'''decorate (something) with hanging objects'''
  +
{{top}}
  +
*French: [[orner]]
  +
{{mid}}
  +
{{bottom}}
  +
  +
'''computing: cause (a program or computer) to stop responding'''
  +
{{top}}
  +
*Finnish: [[kaatua]]
  +
{{mid}}
  +
*German: [[hängen]]
  +
{{bottom}}
  +
  +
'''execute (someone) by suspension from the neck'''
  +
{{top}}
  +
*French: [[pendre]]
  +
{{mid}}
  +
*Portuguese: [[enforcar]]
  +
*Telugu: [[ఉరితీయు]] (uriteeyu)
  +
{{bottom}}
  +
  +
'''chess: cause to become vulnerable to capture'''
  +
{{top}}
  +
{{mid}}
  +
{{bottom}}
  +
  +
'''hold or bear in a suspended or inclined manner or position instead of erect'''
  +
{{top}}
  +
*French: [[baisser]]
 
{{mid}}
 
{{mid}}
 
{{bottom}}
 
{{bottom}}
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=====Translations to be categorized=====
 
=====Translations to be categorized=====
 
{{checktrans}}
 
{{checktrans}}
 
 
*{{ttbc|Dutch}}: [[hangen]]
 
*{{ttbc|Dutch}}: [[hangen]]
*{{ttbc|French}}: [[pendre]]
+
*{{ttbc|German}}: [[abhängen]] (''slang'') (for "execute someone by suspension from the neck"? What is the non-slang term?", [[hängen]]
*{{ttbc|Ido}}: [[Pendar]]
+
*{{ttbc|Ido}}: [[Pendar]] is this really capitalised?
 
*{{ttbc|Indonesian}}: [[gantung|bergantung]], [[gantung|menggantung]], [[gantung|menggantungkan]]
 
*{{ttbc|Indonesian}}: [[gantung|bergantung]], [[gantung|menggantung]], [[gantung|menggantungkan]]
 
*{{ttbc|Spanish}}: [[colgar]], [[caer]]
 
*{{ttbc|Spanish}}: [[colgar]], [[caer]]
  +
  +
===Noun===
  +
{{en-noun-reg}}
  +
  +
#The way in which something hangs
  +
#:''This skirt has a nice hang''
  +
#{{computing}} An instance of ceasing to respond to input devices
  +
#:''We sometimes get system hangs''
  +
  +
====Derived terms====
  +
*[[get the hang of]]
   
 
===Etymology 2===
 
===Etymology 2===
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==== Noun ====
 
==== Noun ====
'''hang'''
+
{{en-noun-unc}}
# Cheap, processed [[ham]] (cured pork), often made specially for [[sandwich]]es. (informal, pejorative, Ireland)
 
   
==Danish==
+
#(''Ireland, informal, derogatory'') Cheap, processed [[ham]] (cured pork), often made specially for [[sandwich]]es.
   
  +
----
  +
  +
==Danish==
 
=== Noun ===
 
=== Noun ===
 
'''hang'''
 
'''hang'''
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'''hang'''
 
'''hang'''
   
# first person singular present tense of [[hangen]]
+
#''first-person singular present tense of'' '''[[hangen]]'''
# singular imperative of [[hangen]]
+
#''singular imperative of'' '''hangen'''
   
 
----
 
----
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'''hang'''
 
'''hang'''
   
# [[voice]], [[sound]]
+
#[[voice]], [[sound]]
   
===Related terms===
+
====Related terms====
 
*[[hangos]]
 
*[[hangos]]
   

Revision as of 12:30, 25 May 2006

English

Etymology 1

A fusion of Old English hon (transitive, class VII strong verb; past tense heng, past participle hangen), to suspend, and Old English hangian [weak, intransitive, past tense hangode], to be suspended

Pronunciation

  • hăng, /hæŋ/, /h{N/

Verb

Template:en-verb2

  1. Template:intransitive To be or remain suspended
    The lights hung from the ceiling.
  2. Template:intransitive To float, as if suspended.
    The smoke hung in the room.
  3. Template:intransitive To be executed by suspension by one's neck from a gallows, a tree, or other raised bar, attached by a rope tied into a noose
    You will hang for this, my friend.
  4. Template:intransitive Template:informal To loiter, hang around, to spend time idly.
    Are you busy, or can you hang with me?
    I didn't see anything, officer. I was just hanging.
  5. Template:intransitive Template:chess to be vulnerable to capture.
    In this standard opening position White has to be careful because the pawn on e4 hangs.
  6. Template:intransitive Template:computing to stop responding to manual input devices such as keyboard or mouse
    The computer has hung again. Not even pressing <Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Del> works.
    When I push this button the program hangs.
  7. Template:transitive to cause (something) to be suspended
    Hang those lights from the ceiling.
  8. Template:transitive to place on a hook
  9. Template:transitive to exhibit (a painting)
  10. Template:transitive to apply (wallpaper to a wall)
  11. Template:transitive to decorate (something) with hanging objects
  12. Template:transitive Template:computing to cause (a program or computer) to stop responding
    The program has a bug that can hang the system.
    Template:transitive to execute (someone) by suspension from the neck
    The culprits were hanged from the nearest tree.
    Template:transitive Template:chess to cause (a piece) to become vulnerable to capture
    If you move there, you'll hang your queen rook.
  13. To hold or bear in a suspended or inclined manner or position instead of erect
    He hung his head in shame.

Synonyms

  • (be or remain suspended): be suspended, dangle
  • (float as if suspended): float, hover
  • (be executed): go to the gallows, swing (informal)
  • (loiter): hang about, hang around, loiter
  • (in chess: be vulnerable to capture):
  • (computing: stop responding): freeze, lock up
  • (cause (something) to be suspended): suspend
  • (to place on a hook): hook, hook up
  • (exhibit): exhibit, show
  • (apply (wallpaper to a wall)): put up
  • (decorate (something) with hanging objects): bedeck, deck, decorate
  • (computing: cause (a program or computer) to stop responding): lock up
  • (execute (someone) by suspension from the neck):
  • (in chess: cause to become vulnerable to capture):
  • (hold or bear in a suspended or inclined manner or position instead of erect): drop, lower

Usage notes

  • Strictly, the past tense of hang is hanged in the sense of "to be executed by suspension from the neck" and "to execute by suspension from the neck" and hung for all other meanings. However, this rule is not uniformly understood or observed; hung is sometimes substituted for hanged or, more rarely, vice versa. See also the etymology at top of this page.

Related terms

Translations

be or remain suspended Template:top

Template:mid

|}

float as if suspended Template:top

Template:mid

|}

be executed Template:top

Template:mid

|}

informal: loiter Template:top

Template:mid Template:mid

|}

chess: be vulnerable to capture Template:top

Template:mid

|}

computing: stop responding Template:top Template:mid

|}

cause (something) to be suspended Template:top

Template:mid

|}

place on a hook Template:top

Template:mid

|}

exhibit (a painting) Template:top

Template:mid

|}

apply (wallpaper to a wall) Template:top Template:mid

|}

decorate (something) with hanging objects Template:top

Template:mid

|}

computing: cause (a program or computer) to stop responding Template:top

Template:mid

|}

execute (someone) by suspension from the neck Template:top

Template:mid

|}

chess: cause to become vulnerable to capture Template:top Template:mid

|}

hold or bear in a suspended or inclined manner or position instead of erect Template:top

Template:mid

|}

Translations to be categorized

Template:checktrans

Noun

Template:en-noun-reg

  1. The way in which something hangs
    This skirt has a nice hang
  2. Template:computing An instance of ceasing to respond to input devices
    We sometimes get system hangs

Derived terms

Etymology 2

From "hang sangwich", Irish colloquial pronunciation of "ham sandwich".

Noun

Template:en-noun-unc

  1. (Ireland, informal, derogatory) Cheap, processed ham (cured pork), often made specially for sandwiches.

Danish

Noun

hang

  1. slope

Dutch

Verb

hang

  1. first-person singular present tense of hangen
  2. singular imperative of hangen

Hungarian

Noun

hang

  1. voice, sound

Related terms