keep: difference between revisions

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(Verb: Quote added)
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#: {{usex|I '''keep''' a small stock of painkillers for emergencies.|lang=en}}
 
#: {{usex|I '''keep''' a small stock of painkillers for emergencies.|lang=en}}
 
# {{context|transitive|lang=en}} To [[maintain]] the [[condition]] of.
 
# {{context|transitive|lang=en}} To [[maintain]] the [[condition]] of.
#: {{usex|I '''keep''' my specimens under glass to protect them.|lang=en}}
+
#: {{usex|I '''keep''' my specimens under glass to protect them.   The abundance of squirrels '''kept''' the dogs running for hours.|lang=en}}
#: {{usex|The abundance of squirrels '''kept''' the dogs running for hours.|lang=en}}
 
 
# {{context|transitive|archaic|lang=en}} To [[remain]] in, to be confined to.
 
# {{context|transitive|archaic|lang=en}} To [[remain]] in, to be confined to.
 
#* '''1605''', {{w|William Shakespeare}}, ''{{w|King Lear}}'', III.ii,
 
#* '''1605''', {{w|William Shakespeare}}, ''{{w|King Lear}}'', III.ii,
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#: {{usex|May the Lord '''keep''' you from harm.|lang=en}}
 
#: {{usex|May the Lord '''keep''' you from harm.|lang=en}}
 
# {{context|intransitive|lang=en}} To [[continue]].
 
# {{context|intransitive|lang=en}} To [[continue]].
  +
#*{{quote-book|year=1913|author={{w|Joseph C. Lincoln}}|chapter=7
  +
|title=[http://openlibrary.org/works/OL5535161W Mr. Pratt's Patients]
  +
|passage=Old Applegate, in the stern, just set and looked at me, and Lord James, amidship, waved both arms and '''kept''' hollering for help. I took a couple of everlasting big strokes and managed to grab hold of the skiff's rail, close to the stern.}}
 
#*{{quote-magazine|date=2013-06-28|author={{w|Joris Luyendijk}}
 
#*{{quote-magazine|date=2013-06-28|author={{w|Joris Luyendijk}}
 
|volume=189|issue=3|page=21|magazine={{w|The Guardian Weekly}}
 
|volume=189|issue=3|page=21|magazine={{w|The Guardian Weekly}}
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#: {{usex|I '''keep''' taking the tablets, but to no avail.|lang=en}}
 
#: {{usex|I '''keep''' taking the tablets, but to no avail.|lang=en}}
 
# {{context|intransitive|lang=en}} To remain edible or otherwise usable.
 
# {{context|intransitive|lang=en}} To remain edible or otherwise usable.
#: {{usex|Potatoes can '''keep''' if they are in a [[root cellar]].|lang=en}}
+
#: {{usex|Potatoes can '''keep''' if they are in a [[root cellar]].   Latex paint won't '''keep''' indefinitely.|lang=en}}
#: {{usex|Latex paint won't '''keep''' indefinitely.|lang=en}}
 
 
# {{context|intransitive|copulative|lang=en}} To remain in a state.
 
# {{context|intransitive|copulative|lang=en}} To remain in a state.
 
#: {{usex|The rabbit avoided detection by '''keeping''' still.|lang=en}}
 
#: {{usex|The rabbit avoided detection by '''keeping''' still.|lang=en}}
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#* '''1914''', Robert Joos, ''Success with Hens'', Forbes & company, page 217:
 
#* '''1914''', Robert Joos, ''Success with Hens'', Forbes & company, page 217:
 
#*: Of course boys are boys and need watching, but there is little watching necessary when they '''keep''' chickens.''
 
#*: Of course boys are boys and need watching, but there is little watching necessary when they '''keep''' chickens.''
#* {{quote-news|year=2011| date=December 14| author=Steven Morris| title=Devon woman jailed for 168 days for killing kitten in microwave| work=Guardian| url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/dec/14/woman-killed-kitten-microwave-jail|
+
#* {{quote-news|year=2011| date=December 14| author=Steven Morris|title=Devon woman jailed for 168 days for killing kitten in microwave| work=Guardian| url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/dec/14/woman-killed-kitten-microwave-jail|
 
|passage=Jailing her on Wednesday, magistrate Liz Clyne told Robins: "You have shown little remorse either for the death of the kitten or the trauma to your former friend Sarah Knutton." She was also banned from '''keeping''' animals for 10 years.}}
 
|passage=Jailing her on Wednesday, magistrate Liz Clyne told Robins: "You have shown little remorse either for the death of the kitten or the trauma to your former friend Sarah Knutton." She was also banned from '''keeping''' animals for 10 years.}}
 
#: {{usex|He has been keeping '''orchids''' since retiring.|lang=en}}
 
#: {{usex|He has been keeping '''orchids''' since retiring.|lang=en}}

Revision as of 08:24, 2 October 2013

See also: көөр

English

English Wikipedia has articles on:

Wikipedia en

Pronunciation

Etymology

From Middle English kepen (to keep, guard, look after, watch), from Old English cēpan (to seize, hold, observe), from Proto-Germanic *kōpijaną (compare West Frisian kypje ‘to look’), variant of *kapōną (compare Old English capian ‘to look’, Dutch kapen ‘to seize, snatch’, German kapfen ‘to gape’, Danish kope (to gawk, stare)), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵab-, *ǵāb- (to look after) (compare Lithuanian žẽbti ‘to eat reluctantly’, Russian забота (zabota) ‘care, worry’).

Verb

keep (third-person singular simple present keeps, present participle keeping, simple past and past participle kept)

  1. (transitive) To maintain possession of.
    I keep a small stock of painkillers for emergencies.
  2. (transitive) To maintain the condition of.
    I keep my specimens under glass to protect them.   The abundance of squirrels kept the dogs running for hours.
  3. (transitive, archaic) To remain in, to be confined to.
    • 1605, William Shakespeare, King Lear, III.ii,
      The wrathful skies / Gallow the very wanderers of the dark / And make them keep their caves.
  4. (obsolete) To wait for, keep watch for.
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte d'Arthur, Book VIII:
      And than Sir Trystrames rode prevayly unto the posterne where kepte hym La Beale Isode, and there she made hym grete chere, and thanked God of his good spede.
  5. (transitive) To restrain.
    I keep my brother out of trouble by keeping him away from his friends and hard at work.
  6. (transitive, with from) To protect, guard.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.viii:
      cursse on thy cruell hond, / That twise hath sped; yet shall it not thee keepe / From the third brunt of this my fatall brond [...].
    May the Lord keep you from harm.
  7. (intransitive) To continue.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 7, Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Old Applegate, in the stern, just set and looked at me, and Lord James, amidship, waved both arms and kept hollering for help. I took a couple of everlasting big strokes and managed to grab hold of the skiff's rail, close to the stern.
    • 2013 June 28, Joris Luyendijk, “Our banks are out of control”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 3, page 21: 
      Seeing the British establishment struggle with the financial sector is like watching an alcoholic […]. Until 2008 there was denial over what finance had become. […] But the scandals kept coming, and so we entered stage three – what therapists call "bargaining". A broad section of the political class now recognises the need for change but remains unable to see the necessity of a fundamental overhaul. Instead it offers fixes and patches.
    I keep taking the tablets, but to no avail.
  8. (intransitive) To remain edible or otherwise usable.
    Potatoes can keep if they are in a root cellar.   Latex paint won't keep indefinitely.
  9. (intransitive, copulative) To remain in a state.
    The rabbit avoided detection by keeping still.
  10. (intransitive, cricket) To act as wicket-keeper.
    Godfrey Evans kept for England for many years.
  11. (transitive, of living things) To raise; to care for.
    • 1914, Robert Joos, Success with Hens, Forbes & company, page 217:
      Of course boys are boys and need watching, but there is little watching necessary when they keep chickens.
    • 2011 December 14, Steven Morris, “Devon woman jailed for 168 days for killing kitten in microwave”, Guardian:
      Jailing her on Wednesday, magistrate Liz Clyne told Robins: "You have shown little remorse either for the death of the kitten or the trauma to your former friend Sarah Knutton." She was also banned from keeping animals for 10 years.
    He has been keeping orchids since retiring.
  12. (transitive) To supply with necessities and financially support a person.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Look at pages starting with keep.

Related terms

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

keep (plural keeps)

  1. (obsolete) Care, notice
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book VII:
      So Sir Gareth strayned hym so that his olde wounde braste ayen on bledynge; but he was hote and corragyous and toke no kepe, but with his grete forse he strake downe the knyght [...].
  2. (historical) The main tower of a castle or fortress, located within the castle walls. (According to Wikipedia:keep, the word comes "from the Middle English term kype, meaning basket or cask, and was a term applied to the shell keep at Guînes, said to resemble a barrel".)
  3. The food or money required to keep someone alive and healthy; one's support, maintenance.
    He works as a cobbler's apprentice for his keep.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

Statistics

Anagrams


Estonian

Noun

keep (genitive keebi, partitive keepi)

  1. cloak, capote, gaberdine

Declension

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Middle English

Noun

keep

  1. note
    take keep — “take note”
    • Chaucer, G.P. 503-4:
      And shame it is, if a preest take keep
      A shiten shepherde and a clene sheep

Yucatec Maya

Pronunciation

Noun

keep (plural keepo’ob)

  1. (anatomy) penis

Synonyms