Achilles

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English[edit]

Achilles against Agamemnon, Roman mosaic from Pompeii
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin Achilles, from Ancient Greek Ἀχιλλεύς (Akhilleús).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Achilles

  1. (Greek mythology) A mythical semidivine hero, the son of Peleus by the nereid Thetis, and prince of the Myrmidons, who features in the Iliad as a central character and the foremost warrior of the Achaean (Greek) camp.
    • 2005, P. J. Heslin, The Transvestite Achilles: Gender and Genre in Statius' Achilleid, Cambridge University Press, page 277,
      As we saw in the preceding chapter, Statius in the Achilleid revises the Ovidian account of Achilles′ rape of Deidamia.
    • 2012, Richard Holway, Becoming Achilles: Child-Sacrifice, War, and Misrule in the Iliad and Beyond, Rowman & Littlefield (Lexington Books), page 153,
      In the last third of the Iliad, Achilles’ beloved companion, Patroklos, and his bitter enemy, Hektor, die wearing Achilles’ armor, their deaths prefiguring Achilles’ own.
    • 2012, Marco Fantuzzi, Achilles in Love: Intertextual Studies, Oxford University Press, page 2,
      Iliad 1, in Maximus' interpretation, exemplifies a 'love contest' between an abusive and obsessive Agamemnon and a 'gentle and emotional' (ἥμερος καί ἐμπαθής) Achilles; [] .
  2. (rare) A male given name from Ancient Greek.
  3. (astronomy) The Greek camp Trojan asteroid 588 Achilles.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English Achilles, borrowed from Latin Achilles, from Ancient Greek Ἀχιλλεύς (Akhilleús).

Proper noun[edit]

Achilles

  1. (Greek mythology) Achilles
  2. a male given name from Ancient Greek

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Achilles m

  1. Achilles (Ancient Greek hero)

Further reading[edit]

  • Achilles in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • Achilles in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek Ἀχιλλεύς (Akhilleús).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Achilles

  1. Achilles

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin Achilles, from Ancient Greek Ἀχιλλεύς (Akhilleús).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌɑˈxɪ.ləs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: Achil‧les

Proper noun[edit]

Achilles m

  1. Achilles

Derived terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek Ἀχιλλεύς (Akhilleús).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Achillēs m sg (genitive Achillis); third declension

  1. (Greek mythology) Achilles

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Achillēs
Genitive Achillis
Dative Achillī
Accusative Achillem
Ablative Achille
Vocative Achillēs

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Achilles in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Achilles in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Achilles in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

Achilles in D. P. Simpson, Cassell's Latin Dictionary, Wiley Publishing, 1968


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Achillēs, from Ancient Greek Ἀχιλλεύς (Akhilleús).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Achilles m

  1. (Greek mythology) Achilles

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Proper noun[edit]

Achilles m

  1. Obsolete spelling of Aquiles (used in Portugal until September 1911 and died out in Brazil during the 1920s).

Swedish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Ancient Greek Ἀχιλλεύς (Akhilleús). This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Proper noun[edit]

Achilles c (genitive Achilles)

  1. (Greek mythology) Achilles

Usage notes[edit]

  • The classic Swedish translation of Homer's works by Erland Lagerlöf in 1912 uses this name form.