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Ancient Gallo-Latin name for Britain, Albiōn (Middle Welsh Albbu, Old Irish Albu), is from Proto-Celtic *albiyū ‎(world) (stem : *albiyon-), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂élbʰos, *álbʰos ‎(white), whence also Latin albus ‎(white) and Ancient Greek ἀλφός ‎(alphós, whiteness, white leprosy). The primary meaning of Common Celtic word is "upper world" (as opposed to underworld), with semasiological development similar to e.g. Russian свет ‎(svet, world; light).

It is often hypothesised that the Romans took it as connected with albus ‎(white), in reference to the White cliffs of Dover.

Proper noun[edit]


Wikipedia has an article on:


  1. The ancient name for England (or sometimes, the British Isles), now only used poetically.
  2. Any of several small towns in the United States.
  3. West Bromwich Albion Football Club, a football team from West Bromwich
    • 2012 April 22, Sam Sheringham, “Liverpool 0-1 West Brom”, BBC Sport:
      The Reds laid siege to the Albion goal throughout, with Jordan Henderson striking the underside of the bar and Dirk Kuyt the inside of the post.


Related terms[edit]



Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia sv

Proper noun[edit]


  1. Albion