Appendix:1000 Japanese basic words

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

This appendix is a specific list of one thousand basic words. It is not a general vocabulary. It is not a frequency list (which is here,) and it is not yet 1000 words. It's a subjective list made by users like you, and it's not finished, so if you know any words that belong on here, be bold and add them.

All words on this list should be in Category:1000 Japanese basic words.

See also: Language Lover's Japanese Mnemosyne File (Work in Progress)

Nouns[edit]

People[edit]

Body[edit]

Family[edit]

Life[edit]

Animals[edit]

Plants[edit]

Crops[edit]

Food[edit]

Drink[edit]

Seasoning[edit]

Time and space[edit]

Directions and positions[edit]

Materials[edit]

Weights and measures[edit]

Society[edit]

Man made objects[edit]

Home[edit]

Tools[edit]

Stationery[edit]

Clothes[edit]

Transport[edit]

Language[edit]

Colors[edit]

Others[edit]

Numbers[edit]

Abstract nouns[edit]

Adjectives[edit]

Forms[edit]

Feelings[edit]

Verbs[edit]

Existence[edit]

in intransitive sense

Movement[edit]

Actions[edit]

in intransitive sense

Changes of state[edit]

Senses[edit]

Speech[edit]

Work[edit]

Emotions[edit]

Activities[edit]

tr transitive sense
in intransitive sense
conjugates as a u-verb

Adverbs[edit]

Pre-noun adjectival[edit]

Interjections[edit]

Conjunctions[edit]

Terminations of verbs[edit]

  • よう – volitional ending [う for u-verbs, よう for ru-verbs]: "Let's…" or "I will" (u, )
  • せるさせる – causative ending [せる for u-verbs, させる for ru-verbs]: to make [someone do something], to allow (seru, saseru)
  • れるられる – passive verb ending [れる for u-verbs, られる for ru-verbs]: to be <verbed> [e.g., 食べられる, "to be eaten"] (reru, rareru)
  • そうだ – indicates that it seems the verb occurs [e.g., "It seems he ate"] (sōda)
  • – informal past-tense (ta)
  • たい – indicates desire to perform verb (tai)
  • だろう – indicates that it seems the verb occurs; also used to ask whether the verb occurs (darō)
  • ない, – informal negative (nai, n) [ん is a slurred version and sounds a little masculine]
  • – archaic informal negative ["he hath", "he didst", etc.] (nu)
  • ます – formal non-past ending (masu)

Particles[edit]

Case[edit]

  • – subject marker, but (ga)
  • から – from (kara)
  • – at, by (de)
  • – and, with (to)
  • – indirect object marker (ni)
  • – possession marker, of (no)
  • – to (e) [Note: へ is normally read he, but when used as this particle its reading changes to e]
  • まで – to (made)
  • より – than (yori)
  • – direct object marker (o)

Binding[edit]

  • – topic marker (wa) [Note: "は" is usually pronounced as "ha", but pronounced "wa" when used as a particle]
  • – as well (mo)
  • – and (ya)

Conjunctive[edit]

  • および及び – and (oyobi)
  • – whether (ka)
  • かも – might be, possible that (kamo)
  • そして – and then (soshite)
  • それとも – or (soretomo)
  • だの – things like <list of things>, including, such things as (dano)
  • つつ – ongoing occurrence (tsutsu) [similar to ながら but has different tone, and both actions have equal weight]
  • te form of verb or adjective [see explanation]
  • – when, if, that (to)
  • ながら – while, though, both (nagara)
  • ならびに – as well as (narabini)
  • なり – whether or not (nari)
  • – to <somewhere>, by <someone> (ni)
  • – possession (no)
  • ので – so (node)
  • また – also, again (mata)
  • または又は – or alternatively (matawa)
  • – also, too (mo)
  • – and (ya)

Final[edit]

  • – emphasis and question marker, equivalent to "right?" (ne)
  • – question marker (ka)
  • – the copula particle used after quasi-adjectives (na)
  • かしら – I wonder (kashira)
  • – -ness (sa)
  • っけ – particle indicating that the speaker is trying to recall some information ["What class is next -kke?"] (-kke)

Adverbial[edit]

  • こそ – emphasis (koso)
  • さえ – even (sae)
  • しか – only (shika)
  • すら – even (sura)
  • くらいぐらい – approximately, about (kurai)
  • だけ – only, as much as (dake)
  • だって – however (datte)
  • ったら – casual topic marker (ttara) [colloquial form of to ittara (if you refer to ~; as for ~]
  • って – said that (tte)
  • でも – also, or (demo)
  • どころ – (particle used to indicate that what precedes it is an extreme example and strongly negates it) (dokoro)
  • など – for example (nado)
  • なら – if [for verbs]; subject marker [for nouns] (nara)
  • なんか – casual undervalue, dislike, lack (nanka)
  • なんて – casual undervalue, dislike, lack (nante)
  • – topic marker (wa) [although ha is the hiragana used, wa is the pronunciation)
  • ばかりばっかり – just, full of, only (bakari)
  • まで – until (made)
  • – too, also (mo)